It’s #MuseumCats day!
Political cartoonist Clifford K. Berryman used cats or cat-inspired images for a number of his drawings that are part of the U.S. Senate Collection here at the National Archives. In this drawing, Berrmyan depicted Speaker of the House of Representatives Joseph G. Cannon as a Cheshire cat. Shortly before this cartoon appeared, Cannon had taunted his critics and defied them to attack him. Unfazed by such bravado, the insurgents led a successful campaign that stripped Cannon of most of his authority the following year.
Happy #MuseumCats Day!
We have a few feline-related records in the holdings of the National Archives, but this one is a perennial favorite.
Also sort of a two-for, as we can get a head start for International #BeerDay on August 1!
"…the conduct of the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy, is unbecoming a Member of the United States Senate, is contrary to senatorial traditions, and tends to bring the Senate into disrepute, and such conduct is hereby condemned."
Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-WI) caught the attention of the nation during a speech in West Virginia on February 9, 1950 in which he claimed he held in his a hand a list of 205 names of people who were Communists working in the State Department. While not everyone was convinced of McCarthy’s allegations, he remained unscathed by numerous Senate investigations into his various claims of communism in the government.
In 1952, McCarthy was made chairman of the Senate Government Operations Committee and the Committee’s Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. It was as chairman of these two committees that McCarthy waged his full-scale attack on communists in the government. He investigated the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the International Information Agency (IIA), and the U.S. Army. The nationally televised hearings of the U.S. Army eventually lead to McCarthy’s political demise. His brutal tactics and reckless questioning gave his colleagues in the Senate more than enough motivation and evidence to put an end to his attacks.
On July 30, 1954, Senator Ralph Flanders (R-VT) introduced a resolution for censure to the Senate. The resolution was referred to a six-member subcommittee. The subcommittee issued its recommendation of censure on September 27. The Senate began debate on the subcommittee’s recommendation on November 8. The Senate finally came to a vote on December 2. The resolution was passed, 67-22, to censure McCarthy for contempt and abuse contrary to senatorial traditions and ethics.
S Res 301, 7/30/1954, SEN 83A-B4, Records of the U.S. Senate (1157557)
Ike Signs the NASA Act - Today in History
On July 29, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Woot!
President Eisenhower Presents NASA Commissions to Dr. T. Keith Glennan as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. Courtesty of NASA.
Cape Cod Canal Centennial!
The Cape Cod Canal first opened to limited traffic 100 years ago on July 29, 1914. Located at the base of Cape Cod where it joins the Massachusetts mainland, the canal runs 17.5 miles from Cape Cod Bay to Buzzards Bay and enables nautical traffic to cut at least 65 miles off the trip around the hazardous outer shore of the Cape.
Find more photos and records on the Cape Cod Canal →
Follow the National Archives at Boston on Facebook for more posts celebrating the Cape Cod Canal centennial!
Jacqueline Kennedy was born on this day in 1929, in Southhampton, New York. She was named Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. Her father, John, was a stockbroker on Wall Street whose family had come from France in the early 1800s. Her mother, Janet, had ancestors from Ireland and England.
As a child, Jackie loved to read. Before she started school, she had read all the children’s books on her bookshelves. Her heroes were Mowgli from Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book, Robin Hood, Little Lord Fauntleroy’s grandfather, Scarlett O’Hara from Gone With the Wind, and the poet Byron.
Photo: Jacqueline Bouvier, 1935. Photograph by David Berne in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston.
225th Anniversary of the First Congress: We’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution through March 2016.
What constitutes a federal crime, and how should individuals convicted of federal crimes be punished? On July 28, 1789, Senator William S. Johnson introduced the first provision for crimes against the nation.
The Crimes Act delineated crimes against the nation and their punishments, defining a category of felonies nonexistent before the Constitution. The Act codified criminal procedure in cases of felonies, established diplomatic immunity, and set a statute of limitations for federal crimes. It included specific punishments for various crimes. Death by hanging was the penalty mandated for the crimes of treason, murder, robbery within maritime jurisdiction, counterfeiting, and piracy.
An Act for the Punishment of Certain Crimes Against the U.S., Sen 1A-B1, 7/28/1789, Records of the U.S. Senate
July 28, 1967. Rostow sends this memo to President Johnson regarding growing violence in China related to the Cultural Revolution. In a memo that Rostow received from Alfred Jenkins on July 21st, Jenkins reported:
“The pace of social disintegration in China at present is even greater than it was in January and February. Evidence from many sources gives a picture of turbulence and confusion, in varying degree, but in each of the 26 provinces of China!”
—memo, Jenkins to Rostow, 7/21/67, #49, “CHICOM - Cultural Revolution, July - December 1967,” Files of Alfred Jenkins, National Security File, Box 2, LBJ Presidential Library.
—scanned document memo, Rostow to LBJ, 7/28/67, #47, “CHICOM - Cultural Revolution, July - December 1967, Files of Alfred Jenkins, National Security File, Box 2, LBJ Presidential Library.
The Kerner Commission
July 27, 1967. President Johnson appoints the Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (the Kerner Commission, named after the Chairman Otto Kerner of Illinois). The task of the Kerner Commission is to investigate the recent eruptions of civil disorders in the Nation and make recommendations on ways to prevent such violence in the future.
“So, my fellow citizens, let us go about our work. Let us clear the streets of rubble and quench the fires that hatred set. Let us feed and care for those who have suffered at the rioters’ hands—but let there be no bonus or reward or salutes for those who have inflicted that suffering.
Let us resolve that this violence is going to stop and there will be no bonus to flow from it. We can stop it. We must stop it. We will stop it.
And let us build something much more lasting: faith between man and man, faith between race and race. Faith in each other and faith in the promise of beautiful America.
Let us pray for the day when “mercy and truth are met together: righteousness and peace have kissed each other.” Let us pray-and let us work for better jobs and better housing and better education that so many millions of our own fellow Americans need so much tonight.
Let us then act in the Congress, in the city halls, and in every community, so that this great land of ours may truly be “one nation under God—with liberty and justice for all.” Good night and thank you.”
—The President’s Address to the Nation on Civil Disorders. Read the rest of the speech at the American Presidency Project.
LBJ Presidential Library photos A6106-3, A6109-17, and A6108-8; images are in the public domain.
“Hubert P. Yockey (left) shown here with the 60-inch cyclotron. Dr. Yockey worked under Robert Oppenheimer on the Manhattan Project. “
Photo taken July 26, 1949. Morgue 1949-5 (P-4) [Photographer: Donald Cooksey], 07/26/1949
From the series: Photographs Documenting Scientists, Special Events, and Nuclear Research Facilities, Instruments, and Projects at the Berkeley Lab, compiled 1996 - 2012, documenting the period 1913 - 1991. General Records of the Department of Energy, 1915 - 2007
From the series: Photographic File of the Paris Bureau of the New York Times, compiled ca. 1900 - ca. 1950. Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003
According to the date, this photo was taken just 1 day after the pioneering aviatrix’s 32nd birthday (born July 24, 1897).
Day 56: FDR’s Cruise to Hawaii
On July 1, 1934, FDR boarded the USS Houston to begin his three week journey to the Territory of Hawaii. During the cruise FDR and his party made stops in the Bahamas, Haiti, Puerto Rico, St. Thomas, St. Croix, Colombia, Panama, Cocos Island and Clipperton Island. These stops included visits with foreign leaders and dignitaries, sightseeing through various countries and lots of fishing. FDR landed in Hawaii on July 24th to begin his historic visit.