Today's Document

Sep 22

usnatarchives:

DC Fashion Week is finally here! 
On Wednesday, September 24, the opening night event will be held at the National Archives, and Wednesday September 30th we will be hosting a panel on First Ladies Fashions moderated by Tim Gunn, star of Project Runway. Be sure to follow along with all of the Fashion Week activities, programs, and exhibits on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook, as we bring the fashion from the Archives to you!
Our last week in Six Weeks of Style at the National Archives is one of the grooviest weeks yet, and we kick it off with the signing of the Equal Rights Amendment. This controversial bill, which was first introduced to Congress in 1923, finally passed in both houses of Congress in 1972. When it came to the deadline for ratification by the state legislatures ten years later, however, it was three states short of the 38 and was never ratified. The Equal Rights Resolution is currently on display at the National Archives in the Records of Rights exhibit. Courtesy of the Jimmy Carter Library.
Check out today’s Pieces of History post to learn more about the history of the Equal Rights Amendment. 
National Archives Identifier 181970

usnatarchives:

DC Fashion Week is finally here!

On Wednesday, September 24, the opening night event will be held at the National Archives, and Wednesday September 30th we will be hosting a panel on First Ladies Fashions moderated by Tim Gunn, star of Project Runway. Be sure to follow along with all of the Fashion Week activities, programs, and exhibits on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook, as we bring the fashion from the Archives to you!

Our last week in Six Weeks of Style at the National Archives is one of the grooviest weeks yet, and we kick it off with the signing of the Equal Rights Amendment. This controversial bill, which was first introduced to Congress in 1923, finally passed in both houses of Congress in 1972. When it came to the deadline for ratification by the state legislatures ten years later, however, it was three states short of the 38 and was never ratified. The Equal Rights Resolution is currently on display at the National Archives in the Records of Rights exhibit. Courtesy of the Jimmy Carter Library.

Check out today’s Pieces of History post to learn more about the history of the Equal Rights Amendment.

National Archives Identifier 181970


WWII: Europe: Grenoble, “FIRE! - Members of French Forces of the Interior carry out the death sentence of six young frenchmen convicted of collaborating with the Germans”, ca. 09/22/1944

WWII: Europe: Grenoble, “FIRE! - Members of French Forces of the Interior carry out the death sentence of six young frenchmen convicted of collaborating with the Germans”, ca. 09/22/1944

Sep 21

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Sep 20

National Hispanic Heritage Month: Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War
Today we remember Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War.

Korean War veteran, Sgt. 1st Class (ret) Modesto Cartagena, 12/02/2000. (National Archives Identifier: 6519402)

Cartagena was a humble man born to a poor family who lived in the small town of Cayey, Puerto Rico. He was among the first from the island to volunteer for military service when the United States entered World War II. He served in the 65th Infantry Regiment, an all-Puerto Rican regiment also known as “The Borinqueneers,” during World War II and later in the Korean War. 
During the Korean War, Cartagena earned the nickname “One Man Army.” Hill 206 near Yonchon, Korea, was heavily guarded on April 19, 1951, by a well-entrenched and fanatically determined hostile force. While under attack, Cartagena destroyed four enemy emplacements before he was wounded, thus saving the lives of the men in his unit and enabling the company to take the hill. 
Keep reading (and en español) at:  Prologue: Pieces of History » Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War / Modesto Cartagena el soldado hispano más condecorado de la Guerra de Corea. 

National Hispanic Heritage Month: Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War

Today we remember Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War.

Korean War veteran, Sgt. 1st Class (ret) Modesto Cartagena, 12/02/2000. (National Archives Identifier: 6519402)

Cartagena was a humble man born to a poor family who lived in the small town of Cayey, Puerto Rico. He was among the first from the island to volunteer for military service when the United States entered World War II. He served in the 65th Infantry Regiment, an all-Puerto Rican regiment also known as “The Borinqueneers,” during World War II and later in the Korean War.

During the Korean War, Cartagena earned the nickname “One Man Army.” Hill 206 near Yonchon, Korea, was heavily guarded on April 19, 1951, by a well-entrenched and fanatically determined hostile force. While under attack, Cartagena destroyed four enemy emplacements before he was wounded, thus saving the lives of the men in his unit and enabling the company to take the hill.

Keep reading (and en español) at:  Prologue: Pieces of History » Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War / Modesto Cartagena el soldado hispano más condecorado de la Guerra de Corea. 


“…Shipping first cargo of halibut caught in Puget Sounds by crew of schooner Oscar and Hattie. September 20, 1888.” By N. B. Miller.
From the series:  Albatross Cruises from the West Indies through the Strait of Magellan then North to California and along the West Coast to Alaska, 1887 - 1893.  Records of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

In 1887, the U.S. Fish Commission sent the steamer Albatross on a three-year voyage to explore fishing grounds and gather data on the commercial fishing industry in the northeastern Pacific and Bering Sea. On a stop in Tacoma, Washington, its photographer captured these proud crewmen from the Oscar and Hattie showing off their catch.
via DocsTeach

…Shipping first cargo of halibut caught in Puget Sounds by crew of schooner Oscar and Hattie. September 20, 1888.” By N. B. Miller.

From the series:  Albatross Cruises from the West Indies through the Strait of Magellan then North to California and along the West Coast to Alaska, 1887 - 1893.  Records of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

In 1887, the U.S. Fish Commission sent the steamer Albatross on a three-year voyage to explore fishing grounds and gather data on the commercial fishing industry in the northeastern Pacific and Bering Sea. On a stop in Tacoma, Washington, its photographer captured these proud crewmen from the Oscar and Hattie showing off their catch.

via DocsTeach

(via todaysdocument)

Sep 19

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fordlibrarymuseum:

Ahoy, mateys! ‘Tis Talk Like a Pirate Day. Here be President Gerald “Arrr” Ford talkin’ wit’ Al Oliver, a Pirate from t’ three rivers o’ Pittsburgh, before t’ Major League All-Starrr Game on July 13, 1976.

Be ye lookin fer pirates of a different stripe?  

fordlibrarymuseum:

Ahoy, mateys! ‘Tis Talk Like a Pirate Day.

Here be President Gerald “Arrr” Ford talkin’ wit’ Al Oliver, a Pirate from t’ three rivers o’ Pittsburgh, before t’ Major League All-Starrr Game on July 13, 1976.

Be ye lookin fer pirates of a different stripe?  

Avast! ‘Tis Talk Like a Pirate Privateer Day! Behold: the “Saucy Jack”
During the War of 1812 a number of American ship owners engaged in what amounted to legalized piracy, known as privateering.  It involved the “militia of the sea,” enterprising entrepreneurs and adventure seekers hoping to make their fortune on the open ocean at the expense of the enemy.
Records of their activity, including this commission, or letter of marque, from the aptly named Saucy Jack were uncovered by staff at the National Archives at Atlanta:

One amazing little boat, and perhaps the most prolific southern privateer in the war, bore the perfect name: Saucy Jack.  The Jack was the capturing vessel in over a dozen documented cases and by all accounts had an amazingly successful string of luck during the war.  Or was it perhaps by the skill of her captain and crew?  We might never know.  We know tantalizingly little about this boat, but through the records of the Federal Courts and U.S. Customs, some of her deeds as an American privateer vessel live on.

Saucy Jack Commission, Saucy Jack vs Schooner Weazel and Cargo, Mixed Case Files 1790-1860, box 23, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Georgia (Savannah); Records of the District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21, National Archives at Atlanta.



More Privateering Plunder via The Text Message » The War of 1812: Privateers, Plunder, & Profiteering →

Avast! ‘Tis Talk Like a Pirate Privateer Day! Behold: the “Saucy Jack

During the War of 1812 a number of American ship owners engaged in what amounted to legalized piracy, known as privateering.  It involved the “militia of the sea,” enterprising entrepreneurs and adventure seekers hoping to make their fortune on the open ocean at the expense of the enemy.

Records of their activity, including this commission, or letter of marque, from the aptly named Saucy Jack were uncovered by staff at the National Archives at Atlanta:

One amazing little boat, and perhaps the most prolific southern privateer in the war, bore the perfect name: Saucy Jack.  The Jack was the capturing vessel in over a dozen documented cases and by all accounts had an amazingly successful string of luck during the war.  Or was it perhaps by the skill of her captain and crew?  We might never know.  We know tantalizingly little about this boat, but through the records of the Federal Courts and U.S. Customs, some of her deeds as an American privateer vessel live on.

Saucy Jack Commission, Saucy Jack vs Schooner Weazel and Cargo, Mixed Case Files 1790-1860, box 23, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Georgia (Savannah); Records of the District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21, National Archives at Atlanta.

More Privateering Plunder via The Text Message » The War of 1812: Privateers, Plunder, & Profiteering

POW/MIA Recognition Day

“The families of the returning Prisoners of War waving and greeting the ship the General Nelson M. Walker as it docks at Fort Mason, California.”, 08/23/1953

Established by an Act of Congress, POW/MIA Recognition Day is observed on the 3rd Friday in September in honor of prisoners of war and those still missing in action.

POW/MIA Recognition Day

The families of the returning Prisoners of War waving and greeting the ship the General Nelson M. Walker as it docks at Fort Mason, California.”, 08/23/1953

Established by an Act of Congress, POW/MIA Recognition Day is observed on the 3rd Friday in September in honor of prisoners of war and those still missing in action.

Sep 18

fdrlibrary:

Did you know that FDR named his beloved Scottish terrier after a distant Scottish ancestor? Upon receiving the pet as a gift in 1940, Roosevelt changed the dog’s name from “Big Boy” to “Murray the Outlaw of Falahill” — “Fala” for short — in homage to the famous John Murray of Falahill.
Fala became Roosevelt’s constant companion and the most famous dog in America.   
#Scotland 

With both the Scottish Independence Referendum and The Roosevelts documentary in the news this week, here’s a little piece of Rooseveltian-Scottish trivia, courtesy of our colleagues at the fdrlibrary.

Fala Photographing the Photographers at the White House, Washington, DC, 04/07/1942

 What are you following this week, The Roosevelts, or the referendum?

fdrlibrary:

Did you know that FDR named his beloved Scottish terrier after a distant Scottish ancestor? Upon receiving the pet as a gift in 1940, Roosevelt changed the dog’s name from “Big Boy” to “Murray the Outlaw of Falahill” — “Fala” for short — in homage to the famous John Murray of Falahill.

Fala became Roosevelt’s constant companion and the most famous dog in America.  

#Scotland

With both the Scottish Independence Referendum and The Roosevelts documentary in the news this week, here’s a little piece of Rooseveltian-Scottish trivia, courtesy of our colleagues at the fdrlibrary.

Fala Photographing the Photographers at the White House, Washington, DC, 04/07/1942

What are you following this week, The Roosevelts, or the referendum?


Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, artillery commander of the 101st Airborne Division, gives his various glider pilots last minute instructions before the take-off on D plus 1. England., 09/18/1944
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954

The second day of the Allies’ ill-fated Operation Market Garden, 70 years ago in September, 1944.

Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, artillery commander of the 101st Airborne Division, gives his various glider pilots last minute instructions before the take-off on D plus 1. England., 09/18/1944

From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954

The second day of the Allies’ ill-fated Operation Market Garden, 70 years ago in September, 1944.

Sep 17


"A fleet of Allied aircraft flies overhead as paratroopers of the Allied Airborne Command float groundward in the invasion of the Netherlands, still another step towards the liberation of Europe.”, 09/17/1944
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954

Operation Market Garden, the Allies’ ambitious yet ill-fated attempt to cross the Rhine river into Germany during World War II began with a massive airborne assault on September 17, 1944.

"A fleet of Allied aircraft flies overhead as paratroopers of the Allied Airborne Command float groundward in the invasion of the Netherlands, still another step towards the liberation of Europe.”, 09/17/1944

From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954

Operation Market Garden, the Allies’ ambitious yet ill-fated attempt to cross the Rhine river into Germany during World War II began with a massive airborne assault on September 17, 1944.

usnatarchives:

Join Archivist of the United States, David S. Ferriero (aotus) and Discovery Education on September 17 for a live tour of the National Archives and an Up Close Look at the Constitution! 
This Constitution Day tour is part of the White House’s “Of the People” series, which provides virtual field trips for middle school and high school students to Washington, D.C. for a behind-the-scenes look at the people, places and issues that shape and inform our world.
Join us live at 1:00 PM ET today and learn about the Preamble to the Constitution, get a short tour of the National Archives, and delve into the skills historians use to analyze primary source documents.
Register for the event here, and don’t forget to pre-submit questions for Mr. Ferriero at the National Archives here. 

usnatarchives:

Join Archivist of the United States, David S. Ferriero (aotus) and Discovery Education on September 17 for a live tour of the National Archives and an Up Close Look at the Constitution! 

This Constitution Day tour is part of the White House’s “Of the People” series, which provides virtual field trips for middle school and high school students to Washington, D.C. for a behind-the-scenes look at the people, places and issues that shape and inform our world.

Join us live at 1:00 PM ET today and learn about the Preamble to the Constitution, get a short tour of the National Archives, and delve into the skills historians use to analyze primary source documents.

Register for the event here, and don’t forget to pre-submit questions for Mr. Ferriero at the National Archives here

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