National Hispanic Heritage Month: Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War
Today we remember Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War.
Korean War veteran, Sgt. 1st Class (ret) Modesto Cartagena, 12/02/2000. (National Archives Identifier: 6519402)
Cartagena was a humble man born to a poor family who lived in the small town of Cayey, Puerto Rico. He was among the first from the island to volunteer for military service when the United States entered World War II. He served in the 65th Infantry Regiment, an all-Puerto Rican regiment also known as “The Borinqueneers,” during World War II and later in the Korean War.
During the Korean War, Cartagena earned the nickname “One Man Army.” Hill 206 near Yonchon, Korea, was heavily guarded on April 19, 1951, by a well-entrenched and fanatically determined hostile force. While under attack, Cartagena destroyed four enemy emplacements before he was wounded, thus saving the lives of the men in his unit and enabling the company to take the hill.
Keep reading (and en español) at: Prologue: Pieces of History » Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War / Modesto Cartagena el soldado hispano más condecorado de la Guerra de Corea.
“…Shipping first cargo of halibut caught in Puget Sounds by crew of schooner Oscar and Hattie. September 20, 1888.” By N. B. Miller.
From the series: Albatross Cruises from the West Indies through the Strait of Magellan then North to California and along the West Coast to Alaska, 1887 - 1893. Records of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
In 1887, the U.S. Fish Commission sent the steamer Albatross on a three-year voyage to explore fishing grounds and gather data on the commercial fishing industry in the northeastern Pacific and Bering Sea. On a stop in Tacoma, Washington, its photographer captured these proud crewmen from the Oscar and Hattie showing off their catch.
Ahoy, mateys! ‘Tis Talk Like a Pirate Day.
Here be President Gerald “Arrr” Ford talkin’ wit’ Al Oliver, a Pirate from t’ three rivers o’ Pittsburgh, before t’ Major League All-Starrr Game on July 13, 1976.
Be ye lookin fer pirates of a different stripe?
Avast! ‘Tis Talk Like a
Pirate Privateer Day! Behold: the “Saucy Jack”
During the War of 1812 a number of American ship owners engaged in what amounted to legalized piracy, known as privateering. It involved the “militia of the sea,” enterprising entrepreneurs and adventure seekers hoping to make their fortune on the open ocean at the expense of the enemy.
Records of their activity, including this commission, or letter of marque, from the aptly named Saucy Jack were uncovered by staff at the National Archives at Atlanta:
One amazing little boat, and perhaps the most prolific southern privateer in the war, bore the perfect name: Saucy Jack. The Jack was the capturing vessel in over a dozen documented cases and by all accounts had an amazingly successful string of luck during the war. Or was it perhaps by the skill of her captain and crew? We might never know. We know tantalizingly little about this boat, but through the records of the Federal Courts and U.S. Customs, some of her deeds as an American privateer vessel live on.
Saucy Jack Commission, Saucy Jack vs Schooner Weazel and Cargo, Mixed Case Files 1790-1860, box 23, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Georgia (Savannah); Records of the District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21, National Archives at Atlanta.
More Privateering Plunder via The Text Message » The War of 1812: Privateers, Plunder, & Profiteering →
POW/MIA Recognition Day
“The families of the returning Prisoners of War waving and greeting the ship the General Nelson M. Walker as it docks at Fort Mason, California.”, 08/23/1953
Established by an Act of Congress, POW/MIA Recognition Day is observed on the 3rd Friday in September in honor of prisoners of war and those still missing in action.
Did you know that FDR named his beloved Scottish terrier after a distant Scottish ancestor? Upon receiving the pet as a gift in 1940, Roosevelt changed the dog’s name from “Big Boy” to “Murray the Outlaw of Falahill” — “Fala” for short — in homage to the famous John Murray of Falahill.
Fala became Roosevelt’s constant companion and the most famous dog in America.
With both the Scottish Independence Referendum and The Roosevelts documentary in the news this week, here’s a little piece of Rooseveltian-Scottish trivia, courtesy of our colleagues at the fdrlibrary.
Fala Photographing the Photographers at the White House, Washington, DC, 04/07/1942
What are you following this week, The Roosevelts, or the referendum?
Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, artillery commander of the 101st Airborne Division, gives his various glider pilots last minute instructions before the take-off on D plus 1. England., 09/18/1944
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954
The second day of the Allies’ ill-fated Operation Market Garden, 70 years ago in September, 1944.
"A fleet of Allied aircraft flies overhead as paratroopers of the Allied Airborne Command float groundward in the invasion of the Netherlands, still another step towards the liberation of Europe.”, 09/17/1944
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954
Operation Market Garden, the Allies’ ambitious yet ill-fated attempt to cross the Rhine river into Germany during World War II began with a massive airborne assault on September 17, 1944.
Join Archivist of the United States, David S. Ferriero (aotus) and Discovery Education on September 17 for a live tour of the National Archives and an Up Close Look at the Constitution!
This Constitution Day tour is part of the White House’s “Of the People” series, which provides virtual field trips for middle school and high school students to Washington, D.C. for a behind-the-scenes look at the people, places and issues that shape and inform our world.
Join us live at 1:00 PM ET today and learn about the Preamble to the Constitution, get a short tour of the National Archives, and delve into the skills historians use to analyze primary source documents.
Register for the event here, and don’t forget to pre-submit questions for Mr. Ferriero at the National Archives here.
Our colleagues from the National Archives exhibits staff and the Presidential Libraries are fielding “Ask A Curator Day” questions at @USNatArchives and @ourpresidents on twitter with the hashtag #AskACurator.
Today, we answer your #AskACurator questions here from 9:30-10:30 AM ET. So get ready! http://t.co/reunoIwnrC— US National Archives (@USNatArchives) September 17, 2014
Tweet your questions for Presidential Library curators to @ourpresidents #askacurator. #FDR #Truman #Eisenhower #JFK #Carter— OurPresidents (@OurPresidents) September 17, 2014
(Source: research.archives.gov, via todaysdocument)
Welcome to Roosevelt Week! In conjunction with our Board Vice President Ken Burns’s new documentary series "The Roosevelts: An Intimate History," this week we will be featuring related records from the holdings of the usnatarchives and the fdrlibrary.
Theodore Roosevelt and the regiment under his command, the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, known as the “Rough Riders,” became heroes after their victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill during the Spanish-American War. Shortly after the war ended, Roosevelt was elected as Governor of New York, thanks in large part to his wartime exploits, beginning his long and storied career in high-profile politics.
Discover more about Teddy, Franklin, and Eleanor Roosevelt in “The Roosevelts: An Intimate History,” premiering tonight on pbstv at 8pm EST.
It’s National #HispanicHeritageMonth!
A portrait of revolutionary Latin American leader Simón Bolívar over the mantle in Harry S. Truman’s Oval Office, ca 1946. (via ourpresidents)
Photograph of the fireplace in the Oval Office of the White House, with a portrait of Simon Bolivar hanging over the mantelpiece, flanked by portraits of Franklin D. Roosevelt and George Washington., 11/05/1946
Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15, by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.
Find more Hispanic Heritage Month resources at the http://www.hispanicheritagemonth.gov/ web portal →