Today's Document

Aug 28

[video]

Unusual Circumstances

historyatstate:

On August 25, 1914, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan notified Ambassador to France Myron T. Herrick that his successor, William Graves Sharp, would sail for France the following day. Bryan confided that President Woodrow Wilson wished for Herrick to remain in charge in Paris for the time being, given the extraneous circumstances, and that Sharp not assume charge until the strain of the German threat to Paris passed.1


Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan instructs Myron T. Herrick to remain in Paris
Telegram from Secretary of State (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 25, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives.

Herrick acquiesced. However, he asked to make public in France the Department’s instructions to minimize any misunderstandings of his role—or that of Sharp.


Herrick asks the Department for permission to publicize the reasons for his retention in Paris amidst unusual circumstances Telegram from Herrick (Paris) to Secretary of State (Washington DC), August 27, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives.

On August 28, Bryan informed Herrick that,

“In view of the unusual conditions in which the embassy is placed at the present time, the President desires you to remain until you receive further instructions and that Mr. Sharp has been asked to proceed to Paris but will not immediately assume the duties of ambassador.”2


  1. Telegram from Bryan (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 25, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives. 

  2. Telegram from Secretary of State (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 28, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives. 

[video]

"$4.00 per month"

Agreement of Labor for Truss B. Hall, 08/28/1865
From the series: Freedmen’s Labor Contracts, 05/1865 - 12/1867

Following the Civil War, the Federal Government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands to aid former slaves. One of the services this agency provided was assisting freedmen with labor contracts. This contract, dated August 28, 1865, acknowledged that Robert McKenzie would pay Truss B. Hall $4 a month for his service until December 25, and that Hall would “obey all lawful commands as he use to when a slave.”

"$4.00 per month"

Agreement of Labor for Truss B. Hall, 08/28/1865

From the series: Freedmen’s Labor Contracts, 05/1865 - 12/1867

Following the Civil War, the Federal Government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands to aid former slaves. One of the services this agency provided was assisting freedmen with labor contracts. This contract, dated August 28, 1865, acknowledged that Robert McKenzie would pay Truss B. Hall $4 a month for his service until December 25, and that Hall would “obey all lawful commands as he use to when a slave.”

Aug 27

[video]


Gemini V Mission Image - Tropical Storm, 08/27/1965
From the file unit: Gemini V, 08/21/1965 - 08/28/1965

Although the storm in this photo is not identified, the date coincides with the formation of Hurricane Betsy, one of the costliest storms of that time (nicknamed “Billion Dollar Betsy”), and which even forced Gemini V to adjust its mission schedule.

Gemini V Mission Image - Tropical Storm, 08/27/1965

From the file unit: Gemini V, 08/21/1965 - 08/28/1965

Although the storm in this photo is not identified, the date coincides with the formation of Hurricane Betsy, one of the costliest storms of that time (nicknamed “Billion Dollar Betsy”), and which even forced Gemini V to adjust its mission schedule.

[video]


"We couldn’t stick around long though. The Jerries were on the run and we wanted to keep them that way. The Tricolor flying from the Arc de Triomphe looked pretty good as we went through." American tank in Paris, August 1944.

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

"We couldn’t stick around long though. The Jerries were on the run and we wanted to keep them that way. The Tricolor flying from the Arc de Triomphe looked pretty good as we went through."
American tank in Paris, August 1944.

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

Aug 26


High ranking German officers seized by Free French troops which liberated their country’s capital are lodged in the hotel Majestic, headquarters for the Wehrmacht in the days of the Nazi occupation. Paris, France., 08/26/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

High ranking German officers seized by Free French troops which liberated their country’s capital are lodged in the hotel Majestic, headquarters for the Wehrmacht in the days of the Nazi occupation. Paris, France., 08/26/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →


British Trooper W. Williamson does his good deed for the day by rescuing a puppy dog from the ruins of a shelled German house on the outskirts of Geilenkirchen. New York Times Paris Bureau Collection. British Official., ca. 11/1944

This British soldier rescued a puppy for #NationalDogDay.

British Trooper W. Williamson does his good deed for the day by rescuing a puppy dog from the ruins of a shelled German house on the outskirts of Geilenkirchen. New York Times Paris Bureau Collection. British Official., ca. 11/1944

This British soldier rescued a puppy for #NationalDogDay.

[video]

Women’s Equality Day 
Established in 1971 by Representative Bella Abzug (NY) through a Joint Resolution of Congress, Women’s Equality Day is observed on August 26 to commemorate the passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which granted women the right to vote in 1920. 
In commemoration of Women’s Equality Day and the 94th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, the National Archives (usnatarchives)  is hosting a discussion in partnership with the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum: 

Women’s History on the Horizon: The Centennial of Woman Suffrage in 2020 
Tuesday, August 26, at 7 p.m. at the William G. McGowan Theatre. 

Can’t make it? The discussion will be streamed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2t48I3j004.


(Photograph of Suffrage Parade, 1913)

Women’s Equality Day 

Established in 1971 by Representative Bella Abzug (NY) through a Joint Resolution of Congress, Women’s Equality Day is observed on August 26 to commemorate the passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which granted women the right to vote in 1920. 

In commemoration of Women’s Equality Day and the 94th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, the National Archives (usnatarchives)  is hosting a discussion in partnership with the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum

Women’s History on the Horizon: The Centennial of Woman Suffrage in 2020 

Tuesday, August 26, at 7 p.m. at the William G. McGowan Theatre

Can’t make it? The discussion will be streamed at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2t48I3j004.

(Photograph of Suffrage Parade, 1913)

fordlibrarymuseum:

Little League Baseball celebrates its 75th anniversary this year.
President Ford welcomed the final eight teams from the 1974 Little League World Series to the White House on August 26, 1974. The teams represented Red Bluff, California; New Haven, Connecticut; Tallmadge, Ohio; Jackson, Tennessee; Victoria, British Colombia, Canada; Maracaibo, Venezuela; the Republic of China (Taiwan); and Athens, Greece, which included the children of American military and Embassy staff in Europe. 
Image: President Ford with the Little League baseball team from Red Bluff, California (White House photograph A0364-23)

fordlibrarymuseum:

Little League Baseball celebrates its 75th anniversary this year.

President Ford welcomed the final eight teams from the 1974 Little League World Series to the White House on August 26, 1974. The teams represented Red Bluff, California; New Haven, Connecticut; Tallmadge, Ohio; Jackson, Tennessee; Victoria, British Colombia, Canada; Maracaibo, Venezuela; the Republic of China (Taiwan); and Athens, Greece, which included the children of American military and Embassy staff in Europe. 

Image: President Ford with the Little League baseball team from Red Bluff, California (White House photograph A0364-23)


Crowds of Parisians celebrating the entry of Allied troops into Paris scatter for cover as a sniper fires from a building on the Place de la Concorde. Although the Germans surrendered the city, small bands of snipers still remained., 08/26/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

Crowds of Parisians celebrating the entry of Allied troops into Paris scatter for cover as a sniper fires from a building on the Place de la Concorde. Although the Germans surrendered the city, small bands of snipers still remained., 08/26/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

Aug 25


Soldiers of the 4th U.S. Infantry Division look at the Eiffel Tower in Paris, after the French capital had been liberated on August 25, 1944., 08/25/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →

Soldiers of the 4th U.S. Infantry Division look at the Eiffel Tower in Paris, after the French capital had been liberated on August 25, 1944., 08/25/1944

More scenes from the Liberation of Paris  →