Today's Document

Sep 01

aotus:

Happy Labor Day!
"A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil." -Grover Cleveland
Image: Public Law 53-95: An Act Making Labor Day a Legal Holiday, June 28, 1894. General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration
Read the full post on the AOTUS blog.

aotus:

Happy Labor Day!

"A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil." -Grover Cleveland

Image: Public Law 53-95: An Act Making Labor Day a Legal Holiday, June 28, 1894. General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration

Read the full post on the AOTUS blog.

World War II Begins Seventy Five Years Ago:

Bedside Note of President Franklin D. Roosevelt Regarding the Invasion of Poland by Germany, 09/01/1939

In the early morning of September 1, 1939, German tanks crossed the German-Polish border—sparking World War II. Five hours later, at 3:05 A.M. local time, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a phone call from Ambassador William C. Bullitt in Paris, who relayed the news from Ambassador Anthony Biddle in Warsaw. After notifying the military, FDR jotted down this bedside note.
via DocsTeach

World War II Begins Seventy Five Years Ago:

Bedside Note of President Franklin D. Roosevelt Regarding the Invasion of Poland by Germany, 09/01/1939

In the early morning of September 1, 1939, German tanks crossed the German-Polish border—sparking World War II. Five hours later, at 3:05 A.M. local time, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a phone call from Ambassador William C. Bullitt in Paris, who relayed the news from Ambassador Anthony Biddle in Warsaw. After notifying the military, FDR jotted down this bedside note.

via DocsTeach

Aug 31


Bing Crosby, stage, screen and radio star, sings to Allied troops at the opening of the London stage door canteen in Piccadilly, London, England., 08/31/1944

Bing Crosby, stage, screen and radio star, sings to Allied troops at the opening of the London stage door canteen in Piccadilly, London, England., 08/31/1944

Aug 30

National Bacon Day!
On the last (sizzling?) Saturday of August enjoy some bacon for National Bacon Day.

STAFF Sergeant Larry Sennet and AIRMAN First Class Stacy Brower prepare pans of bacon for breakfast at the Desert Inn Dining Hall, 12/06/1983

How do you celebrate National Bacon Day?

National Bacon Day!

On the last (sizzling?) Saturday of August enjoy some bacon for National Bacon Day.

STAFF Sergeant Larry Sennet and AIRMAN First Class Stacy Brower prepare pans of bacon for breakfast at the Desert Inn Dining Hall, 12/06/1983

How do you celebrate National Bacon Day?

(Source: research.archives.gov)


Picking up debris of trains after Pope’s retreat. Second Battle of Bull Run., ca. 1860 - ca. 1865
From the series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes

The Second Battle of Bull Run ended in defeat for Union forces under Major General John Pope by Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia on August 30, 1862, a little over a year after the first Battle of Bull Run in the same area.

Picking up debris of trains after Pope’s retreat. Second Battle of Bull Run., ca. 1860 - ca. 1865

From the series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes

The Second Battle of Bull Run ended in defeat for Union forces under Major General John Pope by Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia on August 30, 1862, a little over a year after the first Battle of Bull Run in the same area.

Aug 29

Good night, usnatarchives!

Photograph of the National Archives Building Lit Up at Night, 08/29/1954
From the series: Historic Photograph File of National Archives Events and Personnel, 1935 - 1975

The National Archives Building as it appeared 60 years ago in 1954.  We recently celebrated our 80th birthday with the anniversary of the "National Archives Act" on June 19, 1934.
More from the #Archives80 celebration  →

Good night, usnatarchives!

Photograph of the National Archives Building Lit Up at Night, 08/29/1954

From the series: Historic Photograph File of National Archives Events and Personnel, 1935 - 1975

The National Archives Building as it appeared 60 years ago in 1954.  We recently celebrated our 80th birthday with the anniversary of the "National Archives Act" on June 19, 1934.

More from the #Archives80 celebration 

usnatarchives:

This document is the cover of a pamphlet for Mrs. Moody’s Patent Self-Adjusting Abdominal Corset, manufactured by the Boston Corset Skirt Company of Boston, Massachusetts. In the broadest terms, a corset is a close-fitting piece of clothing that has been stiffened by various means in order to shape a woman’s (or a man’s, but very rarely) torso to conform to the fashionable silhouette of the time. The style of corset that was popular in the late-19th century was known as the pear-shaped spoon busk: it got its name because it bends inwards to compress the stomach region, then outwards over the belly, an in again over the lower abdomen. If laced tightly, a spoon busk forces the softer parts of the stomach, occasionally including the internal organs, downwards – and during the 1890s, tight-lacing becomes so popular that physicians had to alert wearers of potential bodily damage. 
National Archives Identifier: 4700177.

usnatarchives:

This document is the cover of a pamphlet for Mrs. Moody’s Patent Self-Adjusting Abdominal Corset, manufactured by the Boston Corset Skirt Company of Boston, Massachusetts. In the broadest terms, a corset is a close-fitting piece of clothing that has been stiffened by various means in order to shape a woman’s (or a man’s, but very rarely) torso to conform to the fashionable silhouette of the time. The style of corset that was popular in the late-19th century was known as the pear-shaped spoon busk: it got its name because it bends inwards to compress the stomach region, then outwards over the belly, an in again over the lower abdomen. If laced tightly, a spoon busk forces the softer parts of the stomach, occasionally including the internal organs, downwards – and during the 1890s, tight-lacing becomes so popular that physicians had to alert wearers of potential bodily damage.

National Archives Identifier: 4700177.


Patent Drawing for C. P. Fest’s Air Ship, 08/29/1882
From the series: Utility Patent Drawings, 1837 - 1911


(image rotated and animated for your viewing enjoyment.)

Patent Drawing for C. P. Fest’s Air Ship, 08/29/1882

From the series: Utility Patent Drawings, 1837 - 1911

(image rotated and animated for your viewing enjoyment.)

Aug 28

[video]

Unusual Circumstances

historyatstate:

On August 25, 1914, Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan notified Ambassador to France Myron T. Herrick that his successor, William Graves Sharp, would sail for France the following day. Bryan confided that President Woodrow Wilson wished for Herrick to remain in charge in Paris for the time being, given the extraneous circumstances, and that Sharp not assume charge until the strain of the German threat to Paris passed.1


Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan instructs Myron T. Herrick to remain in Paris
Telegram from Secretary of State (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 25, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives.

Herrick acquiesced. However, he asked to make public in France the Department’s instructions to minimize any misunderstandings of his role—or that of Sharp.


Herrick asks the Department for permission to publicize the reasons for his retention in Paris amidst unusual circumstances Telegram from Herrick (Paris) to Secretary of State (Washington DC), August 27, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives.

On August 28, Bryan informed Herrick that,

“In view of the unusual conditions in which the embassy is placed at the present time, the President desires you to remain until you receive further instructions and that Mr. Sharp has been asked to proceed to Paris but will not immediately assume the duties of ambassador.”2


  1. Telegram from Bryan (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 25, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives. 

  2. Telegram from Secretary of State (Washington DC) to Herrick (Paris), August 28, 1914. Copy from file 123 H 43, 1910-29 Central Decimal File, Record Group 59: General Records of the Department of State, National Archives. 

[video]

"$4.00 per month"

Agreement of Labor for Truss B. Hall, 08/28/1865
From the series: Freedmen’s Labor Contracts, 05/1865 - 12/1867

Following the Civil War, the Federal Government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands to aid former slaves. One of the services this agency provided was assisting freedmen with labor contracts. This contract, dated August 28, 1865, acknowledged that Robert McKenzie would pay Truss B. Hall $4 a month for his service until December 25, and that Hall would “obey all lawful commands as he use to when a slave.”

"$4.00 per month"

Agreement of Labor for Truss B. Hall, 08/28/1865

From the series: Freedmen’s Labor Contracts, 05/1865 - 12/1867

Following the Civil War, the Federal Government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands to aid former slaves. One of the services this agency provided was assisting freedmen with labor contracts. This contract, dated August 28, 1865, acknowledged that Robert McKenzie would pay Truss B. Hall $4 a month for his service until December 25, and that Hall would “obey all lawful commands as he use to when a slave.”

Aug 27

[video]


Gemini V Mission Image - Tropical Storm, 08/27/1965
From the file unit: Gemini V, 08/21/1965 - 08/28/1965

Although the storm in this photo is not identified, the date coincides with the formation of Hurricane Betsy, one of the costliest storms of that time (nicknamed “Billion Dollar Betsy”), and which even forced Gemini V to adjust its mission schedule.

Gemini V Mission Image - Tropical Storm, 08/27/1965

From the file unit: Gemini V, 08/21/1965 - 08/28/1965

Although the storm in this photo is not identified, the date coincides with the formation of Hurricane Betsy, one of the costliest storms of that time (nicknamed “Billion Dollar Betsy”), and which even forced Gemini V to adjust its mission schedule.

[video]