Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the territory ceded by Spain to the United States, situated to the eastward of the Perdido, and known by the name of East and West Florida, shall constitute a territory of the United States, under the name of the territory of Florida…
A bill for the establishment of a territorial government in Florida, 03/03/1822
Exactly twenty-three years later on March 3, 1845, Florida would be admitted as the 27th state.
STARVE THE SQUANDER BUG. BUY MORE WAR BONDS
From the series: World War II Posters, compiled 1942 - 1945; Records of the Office of Government Reports, 1932 - 1947
Born 110th years ago on March 2, 1904, illustrator and author Theodore Seuss Geisel, aka Dr. Seuss, designed the “Squander Bug” for World War II propaganda posters, inspired by a British creation of the same name.
During the war Seuss also worked on Army training films, such as those featuring the bumbling Private SNAFU.
Bringing Battle to the Home Front: With the Marines at Tarawa
Will you be watching the Oscars this Sunday? Did you know that a number of films produced by the United States government were nominated or won Academy Awards? One such film is With the Marines at Tarawa, which brought the experience of a major battle to the American public and consequently won the 1945 Academy Award for best documentary short.
With the Marines at Tarawa hit theaters March 2nd, 1944. Sunday’s Oscar broadcast marks the 70th anniversary of the film’s release.
The Unites States Marine Corps fought the Battle of Tarawa over four days in November, 1943. At the end of the battle, nearly a thousand Marines were dead, and over two thousand were wounded. Of those holding the island, there were nearly 4700 casualties. Only seventeen Japanese soldiers surrendered; of about a thousand Korean forced laborers, 129 survived the battle.
Beyond the strategic value of the victory, the battle is significant today because so much of it was caught on film by our combat cameramen. Seeing the footage made the experience real for those on the home front, and serves as a record of the horror of war for those of us who watch it now.
With the Marines at Tarawa was carefully crafted to bring viewers into the experience, from the somber mood during preparation, through the chaos of battle, the overwhelming sadness of counting and caring for the dead, and the sense of accomplishment as the American flag was raised on the island.
In addition, the film focuses on how lives were saved by competent medical personnel and the possibility of blood transfusions, a fact that would have provided hope to those with loved ones on the front lines. Viewers are left with a sense of grief, as well as patriotism in knowing that “our boys” were bravely fighting this “war we did not want.”
"Sounds harmless enough. Innocent stuff. But let’s take a look in, and find out what’s cookin’…"
Happy 110th Birthday, Dr. Seuss!
Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known to many as children’s author Dr. Seuss, was born on March 2, 1904. During World War II, Geisel contributed to the war effort through the production of instructional and cautionary cartoons featuring the negligent and aptly named Private Snafu, many with Seuss’ trademark rhyming and wordplay.
Watch more in the Private Snafu playlist on the U.S. National Archives YouTube Channel:
Photograph of Peace Corps Volunteer in Istanbul, 1964
Records of the Peace Corps, National Archives Identifier: 593652
The peacecorps was established by President John F. Kennedy through an Executive Order on March 1, 1961 to administer and coordinate Federal international volunteer programs. The Peace Corps program in Turkey saw 1,460 volunteers serve between 1962 and 1972.
Happy Birthday, peacecorps!
Happy 53rd birthday to us! On this date in 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed the executive order to officially establish the Peace Corps.
(Executive Order 10924 dated March 1, 1961, in which President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps., 03/01/1961)
Mickey’s future home
This aerial photograph from March 1, 1954, shows the Lake Buena Vista area southwest of Orlando, Florida. Seventeen years after this photo was taken, the area would be transformed from mostly swampland into the home of the Disney World theme park complex. Today, this landscape has changed drastically as part of the theme park’s 28,000 acres. The lake’s southern and eastern shoreline, in the upper left corner of the photograph, has retained much of its shape since the development of the area.
Aerial Photograph of Disney World, 03/01/1954
From the series: Aerial Photography of the Soil Conservation Service, compiled 1934 - 1954; Records of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, 1875 - 2002
Descendants of Solomon Northup encounter a record of his enslavement at the National Archives:
Solomon Northup was a free man when he was abducted and sold into slavery in 1841. He survived to recount his story in a memoir, 12 Years A Slave, which is now a motion picture. Yesterday, a few of his descendants viewed the document that marks the beginning of Northup’s journey into slavery—a slave manifest from the brig Orleans. Number 33 on the list of slaves bound for New Orleans is Plat Hamilton, the alias chosen for Northup by his kidnappers.
The descendants of Solomon Northup say they were aware of his story as they grew up, but seeing the actual documentation was an emotional experience. Today’s Washington Post has a story about their visit: http://t.co/b1Pz534rTS
The slave manifest is on display at the National Archives through March 30.
One of the descendants, Vera Williams, works at the National Archives. You can read her personal story (http://go.usa.gov/B68G) or learn how she and Clayton Adams walked in the footsteps of her great-great-great-grandfather Solomon Northup (http://go.usa.gov/B68z).
Photo: Northup descendants Clayton Adams and Vera Williams find his name on the slave manifest at the National Archives. (Photo by Jeff Reed)
Seating is on a first–come, first–served basis. No reservations are accepted. Free tickets are distributed at the Special Events entrance on Constitution Avenue, 60 minutes before start time. You must be present to receive a ticket. Theater doors open 30 minutes prior to start time. The saving of seats is strictly prohibited. Please note that some films may not be appropriate for general audiences.
Screening Schedule (Subject to availability)
Documentary Feature Nominees
Wednesday, February 26, 7 p.m.
20 Feet from Stardom
Nominees to be determined
(90 minutes; rated PG-13)
Thursday, February 27, 7 p.m.
The Act of Killing
Joshua Oppenheimer and Signe Byrge Sørensen
(122 minutes; unrated)
Friday, February 28, 7 p.m.
Jehane Noujaim and Karim Amer
(104 minutes; unrated)
Saturday, March 1, 7 p.m.
Richard Rowley and Jeremy Scahill
(86 minutes; unrated)
Sunday, March 2, 4 p.m.
Cutie and the Boxer
Zachary Heinzerling and Lydia Dean Pilcher
(82 minutes; rated R)
Live Action Short Film Nominees
Saturday, March 1, noon
Aquel No Era Yo (That Wasn’t Me)
(24 minutes; unrated)
Avant Que De Tout Perdre (Just Before Losing Everything)
Xavier Legrand and Alexandre Gavras
(30 minutes; unrated)
Anders Walter and Kim Magnusson
(23 minutes; unrated)
Pitääkö Mun Kaikki Hoitaa? (Do I Have to Take Care of Everything?)
Selma Vilhunen and Kirsikka Saari
(7 minutes; unrated)
The Voorman Problem
Mark Gill and Baldwin Li
(13 minutes; unrated)
Total Running time: 97 minutes.
Animated Short Film Nominees
Saturday, March 1, 3:30 p.m.
Daniel Sousa and Dan Golden
(13 minutes; unrated)
Get a Horse!
Lauren MacMullan and Dorothy McKim
(6 minutes; rated G)
Laurent Witz and Alexandre Espigares
(12 minutes; unrated)
(14 minutes; unrated)
Room on the Broom
Max Lang and Jan Lachauer
(26 minutes; unrated)
Total Running Time: 71 minutes.
Documentary Short Subject Nominees
Sunday, March 2, 11 a.m.
(39 minutes; unrated)
(23 minutes; unrated)
Karama Has No Walls
(26 minutes; unrated)
The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life
Malcolm Clarke and Nicholas Reed
(38 minutes; unrated)
Prison Terminal: The Last Days of Private Jack Hall
(40 minutes; unrated)
Total Running Time: 166 minutes
The screenings are presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in partnership with the Charles Guggenheim Center for the Documentary Film and the Foundation for the National Archives.
Notice to Aliens of Enemy Nationalities, 02/09/1942
From the series: Public Relations Records, 1940 - 1954; Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service
This is a Department of Justice notice directed towards aliens of German, Italian, and Japanese nationalities to apply for a Certificate of Identification by the deadline of February 28, 1942.
Red Cross workers assembled at the IP, Avenue C and 7th Street, Camp Patrick Henry.
Left to right, front row, are Edna Elizabeth Dick of Williamsburg, Kentucky; Mrs. Madeleine Carroll Hamilton; Marcia Hinrichs, Alexandria, Virginia. Left to right, back row, Megan Downey, Cleveland Heights, Ohio; Anne Hayes, Atlanta, Georgia; and Helen Hubbell, New York City.
Official photograph United States Army Signal Corps, Hampton Roads Point of Embarkation, Newport News, Virginia. 02/27/1944
The Navy’s Neptune Party
As a morale boost, a ship will celebrate a sailor’s first trip across the equator with a Neptune Party also known as a Line Crossing Ceremony. At the party crew will dress up in silly costumes and it often includes some head shaving.
Sailors who had heads clipped in bizarre designs during Neptune party aboard the USS Saratoga (CV-3)., 02/1944
Have you ever participated in a Line Crossing Ceremony?
Up from the Deep: Treating Records Salvaged from a World War II Shipwreck
Records recovered from the USS Peary, a World War II ship sunk Feb. 19, 1942. Can they be separated or not?
- Colorado River. Grand Canyon, foot of Toroweap, looking up, easterly. The man on the top left side is unidentified. Hillers photo. 1871 - 1878.
NARA ID: 517845
- Grand Canyon. Muav Canyon, Colorado River. The very small figure, a man is down in the canyon, maybe a topographer. Hillers photo. 1871 - 1878.
NARA ID: 518025
These animated gifs were generated from stereograms taken by John Hillers during the Powell Surveys of the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon in the 1870s. They are among some of the earliest photographs taken of the Grand Canyon.