The Treaty of Kanagawa
One hundred and sixty years ago on March 31, 1854, the first treaty between Japan and the United States was signed. The Treaty was the result of an encounter between an elaborately planned mission to open Japan and an unwavering policy by Japan’s government of forbidding commerce with foreign nations. Two nations regarding each other as “barbarians” found a way to reach agreement.
Petition from Citizens of New York Asking that Slavery and the Slave-trade may be Expressly Prohibited by Act of Congress in all the Territories of the United States, 03/25/1851
Item from Records of the U.S. House of Representatives. (12/13/1825 - 1946)
This petition from a group of citizens of the state of New York asks that the institution of slavery as well as the slave-trade be prohibited by Congress in all US territories. The petition was submitted to Congress on March 25, 1851.
Featured in the new exhibit "Making Their Mark: Stories Through Signatures" now at the National Archives Museum!
Minot’s Ledge Light, again
This is the plan for the second lighthouse built on Minot’s Ledge, an infamous reef southeast of Boston Harbor responsible for over 40 shipwrecks. The first lighthouse washed away in a storm in 1851, a little over a year after it was first lit. (You can find a drawing of the original ill-fated lighthouse and its iron framework in our online catalog)
Section and Elevation Drawing for Minot’s Ledge Lighthouse, 02/01/1855
From the series: Lighthouse Plans and Maps from the Records of the U.S. Coast Guard.
The Pig War: Still Simmering?
Round Two of US-Canadian Rivalry
On the 15th of June in 1859, Lyman Cutlar, an American recently settled on San Juan Island, shot a pig which ” … having been at several times a great annoyance and that morning destroyed a portion of his garden … ”
The pig belonged to the British Hudson Bay Company who demanded compensation in the amount of $100. The astonished Cutlar valued the pig at less than $10. While not the shot heard round the world, it did mark the beginning of the Pig War-a border dispute between the United States and Canada.
An early commemoration of the anniversary of The Pig War was the excuse for the staff of the National Archives in Washington and our friends across the street at the Canadian Embassy to once again test public opinion-this time on bacon. This year celebrity judges tied on the bacon vote but the popular vote (20.5 to 4.5) put the United States over the top.
Read the full post on the AOTUS blog
On March 31, 1854, the first treaty between Japan and the United States was signed. The Treaty was the result of an encounter between an elaborately planned mission to open Japan and an unwavering policy by Japan’s government of forbidding commerce with foreign nations. Two nations regarding each other as “barbarians” found a way to reach agreement.