Jacqueline Kennedy was born on this day in 1929, in Southhampton, New York. She was named Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. Her father, John, was a stockbroker on Wall Street whose family had come from France in the early 1800s. Her mother, Janet, had ancestors from Ireland and England.
As a child, Jackie loved to read. Before she started school, she had read all the children’s books on her bookshelves. Her heroes were Mowgli from Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book, Robin Hood, Little Lord Fauntleroy’s grandfather, Scarlett O’Hara from Gone With the Wind, and the poet Byron.
Photo: Jacqueline Bouvier, 1935. Photograph by David Berne in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston.
From the series: Photographic File of the Paris Bureau of the New York Times, compiled ca. 1900 - ca. 1950. Records of the U.S. Information Agency, 1900 - 2003
According to the date, this photo was taken just 1 day after the pioneering aviatrix’s 32nd birthday (born July 24, 1897).
These intrepid travelers are clearly excited about #Yosemite150 as they wave from Yosemite’s Hanging Rock.
Excerpted from the educational film “Yosemite Valley" from the Ford Historical Film Collection and recently digitally remastered from finegrain intermediates by our colleagues in the Motion Picture Preservation Lab. Watch the complete film on the National Archives Youtube Channel:
Why are these dogs are excited? Tomorrow is the 150th Anniversary of the Yosemite Grant Act!
Stay tuned for more #Yosemite150 posts!
Excerpted from the education film “Yosemite Valley" from the Ford Historical Film Collection and recently digitally remastered from finegrain intermediates by our colleagues in the Motion Picture Preservation Lab. Watch the complete film on the National Archives Youtube Channel:
Be sure to check Yosemite National Park’s Pet Regulations before bringing your dogs to the park!
"In some of these towns and cities the Ku Klux Klan organization has placed a boycott on several of my stores, on account of me being fortunate enough to be born a Hebrew…"
General Records of the Department of Justice, 1790 - 2002.
It’s the 90th Birthday of George Bush!
George Herbert Walker Bush was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts.
On his 18th birthday, Bush graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts with World War II raging on two fronts. That same day, although he had been accepted at Yale University, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy as a seaman second class. He received his wings on June 9, 1943, becoming the youngest pilot in the U.S. Navy at the time.
During World War II, Bush flew torpedo bombers, completing 58 missions. On a run over Chichi Jima in 1944, his plane was hit by anti-aircraft fire. Bush bailed out and was rescued by a Navy submarine.
For his service during WWII, Bush was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and three Air Medals.
Watch this space for more on the life of George Bush throughout today.
Happy Birthday President Bush!
George Bush in Kennebunkport, Maine, circa 1925; At age 12; At Phillips Academy, Andover, MA. circa 1940; U.S. Navy Portrait (1942-1945); U.S. Navy Pilot George Bush in the cockpit of an Avenger, (1942-45).
Act of June 2, 1924, Public Law 68-175, 43 STAT 253, which authorized the Secretary of the Interior to issue certificates of citizenship to Indians.
Approved on ninety years ago on June 2, 1924, this act of Congress granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States. At the time many were still denied voting rights by individual state or local laws.
Aerial Photograph of Lower Manhattan in New York City, 05/26/1926
From the series: ”Airscapes” of American and Foreign Areas, 1917 - 1964
What buildings can you identify?
"…Nearly every delinquent is a cigarette smoker."
Letter from Alva P. Jones, Superintendent, National Cigarette Law Enforcement League to President Herbert Hoover Stating that Crime is Due the Use of Cigarettes, 05/25/1929
President Hoover established the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement in May 1929 in an effort to identify causes of criminal activity. Thousands of citizens wrote to offer information and to express opinions about the causes of crime in the United States.
Alva P. Jones, Superintendent of the National Cigarette Law Enforcement Leagues wrote to President Herbert Hoover on May 25, 1929 suggesting that he stop the manufacture and sale of cigarettes. Jones argues that cigarette smoking is the cause of a great crime wave and a prohibition of cigarettes will solve it.
One hundred years ago on May 9, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation declaring the second Sunday in May a holiday for the “public expression of love and reverence for the mothers of our country.”
To commemorate the centennial of the first national observance of Mother’s Day, this exhibit at the National Archives displays just one of hundreds of thousands of letters written by mothers seeking advice from the Children’s Bureau, a Federal Government office established in 1912 to promote the well-being of mothers and their children.
Even 100 years ago, these letter writers wondered: Is it possible to balance the demands of work and motherhood?
Image caption: Letter from Mrs. Neil Williams to Julia Lathrop of the Children’s Bureau, 1920. National Archives, Records of the Children’s Bureau
To all mothers past and present whose hearts are as full as their days are long—Happy Mother’s Day!
Director J. Edgar Hoover
Ninety years ago, on May 10, 1924, J. Edgar Hoover was appointed the 6th Director of the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Investigation. When the BOI was eventually reorganized Hoover was appointed the first Director of the new Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935 and would remain in that position until his death in 1972.
Portrait of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, ca. 1953