16 Inch Disappearing Carriage Model 1917 under Construction, 12/30/1920
Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance
A 16 inch Disappearing Carriage Model 1917 artillery piece under construction at the Watertown Arsenal in Watertown, Massachusetts. A major military arsenal since the early 1800s, the site of the Watertown Arsenal has since been converted to civilian use and now houses a shopping mall and office park.
Ready for Thursday?
Cartoonist Clifford Berryman reflects the mood of many women at the time in 1924, with Thanksgiving dinner approaching. Berryman’s familiar character, Miss Democracy, pulls kernels of corn off a cob for the hungry turkey while remarking “It’s readier for Thursday than I am!”
Who does the cooking for your Thanksgiving dinner?
They Won’t Agree on Anything!
Clifford Berryman, artist. 9/24/1922
Records of the U.S. Senate
This cartoon shows Congress adjourning and members returning home to campaign for reelection. As they exit the Capitol, the Republican elephant and Democratic donkey have differing perspectives on the session. The elephant remembers Republican successes while the donkey remembers the Republican majority’s failures; each hope this leads to his party’s victory in the upcoming election.
It’s the first day of fall, and we are certainly feeling the cool-down over here on the East Coast. In September, 1922 weather conditions were similar to today’s forecast. Cartoonist Clifford K. Berryman took a break from his usual political commentary to make note of the cooler evening temperatures felt throughout the Washington area.
Cooler Nights by Clifford K. Berryman, 9/26/1922, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 6011761)
Subject: Olympic Games, 23 July 1923
“It is the policy of the Department, therefore, to urge the men of the Navy and Marine Corps to take part in all contests requiring physical skill, manliness and courage…”
On June 4, 1919, the suffrage amendment passed both houses of Congress and was sent to the states for ratification. Initial efforts to secure the right to vote for women in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s achieved some success at the state level, but women’s organizations finally concluded that an amendment to the U.S. Constitution was essential for woman suffrage. World War I played an important role in helping women achieve the right to vote as many women began to work outside the home to support the war effort. In 1917 President Woodrow Wilson called for a Constitutional amendment, and though the House passed a woman suffrage amendment in 1918, it failed in the Senate, largely because of the opposition from southern states. After the amendment passed Congress in 1919, many states quickly approved it, and on August 18, 1920 Tennessee became the 36th state to approve the amendment. Two weeks later, on August 26, Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed the certification that the required number of states had ratified the Nineteenth Amendment. However, in early 1920, five states rejected the amendment. Mississippi was among them. Political cartoonist Clifford K. Berryman portrays the Mississippi rejection as an April Fool’s joke played on the suffrage movement.
April First by Clifford K. Berryman, 4/1/1920, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 6011595)
With the 2012 election ramp up, here is a cozy/creepy reminder that in nearly a century of American politics very little has changed, excepting a goat. This 1924 Berryman Ain’t Politics Grand? was drawn with the Presidential and Congressional elections only two weeks away at the time, and depicts politicians of all parties promising to lower taxes to sway voters.
We have the go-to Dem. Donkey, Rep. Elephant, and the now obsolete Progressive Goat (as anyone who knows anything about livestock knows those horned ones are the out-of-the-box types).
How will Presidential and Congressional campaigns continue to change? Join us Tonight at 7 p.m. to find out.
First telephone installed in the Oval Office
Some White House history for your day:
- President Herbert Hoover had the first telephone installed in the Oval Office on March 29, 1929.
- The Oval Office used by President Hoover is not the current Oval Office.
- FDR moved the President’s official office to its current location to make it wheelchair accessible.
- Rutherford B. Hayes had the first telephone installed in the White House in 1879.
Shown here, the original Oval Office telephone. It now resides in West Branch, Iowa at the Hoover Library.
It’s the first day of winter! Can you believe? We know, we can’t either! Today we are featuring a cartoon by Jim Berryman, son of Clifford Berryman, called All in the Point of View. In this cartoon, Berryman humorously highlights the differing points of view on winter snow. While on one day you might enjoy the beautiful snow on Washington’s monuments, your view changes considerably when trying to dig your car out the next day. Here’s hoping that none of you have to dig your cars out of the “drifted snow and shimmering ice” this winter!
All in the Point of View by Jim Berryman, 12/2/1928, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 6011977)