Today kicks off our commemoration of the 225th anniversary of the First Congress. Over the next two years (and in addition to our regular content), we’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution.
The U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate met for the first time in New York City on March 4, 1789 in Federal Hall. As representatives and senators arrived at the start of the First Congress under the Constitution, members presented their credentials, also known as certificates of election, to their respective chamber to show they were the person duly elected to represent their home state. Above are the credentials of Senator William Few of Georgia, one of eight senators to arrive at the start of the First Congress.
Credentials of Senator William Few from Georgia, 2/5/1789, Records of the U.S. Senate (NAID 7727164)
Women at work in a lumber yard, 1919:
"Labor. [African-American] women at work in lumber yards. [African-American] women, dressed in men’s clothes, lifting heavy pieces of lumber., 02/05/1919"
From the series: General Photographic File, from the Records of the Women’s Bureau
Photograph of Utah Battery on McCloud Hill , 02/05/1899
From the Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer; Images Collected by Brigadier General Adolphus W. Greely, Chief Signal Officer (1887-1906)
Taken on the second day of the Battle of Manila, at the outbreak of the Philippine-American War.