President William J. Clinton presides over the historic handshake of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat during the Middle East Peace Agreement signing ceremony on the South Lawn of the White House, September 13, 1993.
Photograph at the Middle East Peace Agreement Ceremony, 09/13/1993. Vince Musi, Photographer. From the series: Photographs Relating to the Clinton Administration, 01/20/1993 - 01/20/2001
This spring National Archives Director of Preservation Doris Hamburg led an international team of conservation and preservation experts that visited the Israel Antiquities Authority to discuss the preservation of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The team is developing a report regarding their visit. Ms. Hamburg recently made a presentation for our colleagues about the history of the Dead Sea Scrolls, their discovery and the challenges to their preservation. Conservation science and preservation practice have evolved steadily since the scrolls were discovered in 1947. Work continues daily to ensure that the thousands of fragments that make up this 2,000 year-old treasure will be preserved and available for research.
TOP: International team and Israel Antiquities Dead Sea Scroll conservation team during spring visit (Courtesy of Rachel Danzing). BOTTOM LEFT: The Hosea Commentary Scroll, Pesher Hoshe`a, Parchment, Copied late first century B.C.E. (Courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority.) BOTTOM RIGHT: A Qumran Cave where Dead Sea Scrolls were found (Courtesy of Doris Hamburg).
Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel
On March 26, 1979, on the North Grounds of the White House, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin joined hands after the signing of the “Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel.”
This is among the most requested photographs in the holdings of the Carter Library.
More- The Camp David Accords
This press release announces that the United States is now extending de jure diplomatic recognition to Israel, in the wake of recent elections for a permanent government in that country. The document bears President Truman’s signature.
Press release announcing U.S. de jure recognition of the state of Israel, 01/31/1949
October 6, 1981 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated
Over his 11 years as Egypt’s third president, Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat charted a new course for the country. He expelled Soviet advisors from Egypt and began to reform the economy. On October 6, 1973, he launched a surprise attack against Israeli forces in the Sinai in order to reclaim this Egyptian peninsula captured during the 1967 Six Day War.
In spite of new western investment and U.S. aid, the economy continued to decline, resulting in work strikes and riots over food shortages. Sadat, convinced that war was too costly for his people, took an unprecedented step onto the world stage. He traveled to Jerusalem at the invitation of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and addressed the Israeli Knesset (parliament) on November 20, 1977, calling for peace in the Middle East.
The following year, the Camp David meetings began between Prime Minister Begin, President Sadat, and President Jimmy Carter. Three scheduled days turned into thirteen intensely frustrating ones. However, on September 17, 1978 the Camp David Accords were signed and the groundwork laid out for the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty. Both Sadat and Begin were awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their negotiations.
Three years later, in 1981, President Sadat was killed by fundamentalists dissatisfied with the concessions that had been made in the peace process.
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat together - the historic handshake between the Israeli Prime Minister and the Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) took place after the signing of the Middle East Peace Agreement on September 13, 1993.
The ceremony was held on the South Lawn of the White House.
-from the Clinton Library
Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin greet each for their first meeting at the Camp David Summit as Jimmy Carter and Rosalynn Carter watch. 09/07/1978
The historic Camp David Summit was held for thirteen days from September 5 - 17, 1978, between President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. The meetings ended with the signing in the East Room of the White House of “A Framework for Peace in the Middle East Agreed at Camp David” and a “Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty Between Egypt and Israel.”
May 14 - President Truman’s statement recognizing the State of Israel, May 14, 1948. Charles Ross Papers, 1904-1967, Alphabetical Correspondence File: “Handwriting of the President,” Harry S. Truman Library, National Archives and Records Administration. (via Today’s Document from the National Archives)