Apollo-Soyuz: Cold War Collaboration
On July 17, 1975, the Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts docked together in space during the first joint U.S.-Soviet space mission. Cosmonauts Aleksey Leonov and Valeri Kubasov and astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, and Donald Slayton conducted joint scientific experiments, exchanged gifts, and spoke in each other’s languages.
This mission was seen as an opportunity not only to cooperate in space but also to strengthen U.S.-Soviet cooperation in general.
President Ford and Soviet General Secretary Brezhnev both called to congratulate the crews after the docking.
Model of the Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft depicts their linkage in outer space. The commemorative pins attached to the base were worn by the cosmonauts when they presented the model to President Ford on September 7, 1974.
Photo and caption courtesy of NASA: In perhaps the most iconic image from the flight, astronaut Deke Slayton and cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov are seen together in the Soyuz spacecraft.
The First Meeting
Following the May 8, 1945 surrender of Nazi Germany, the Allied leaders met from July 17 - August 2, 1945 at the Potsdam Conference. These meetings between the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union were to decide the fate of post-war Germany.
First meeting of Soviet leader Josef Stalin and President Harry S. Truman at the “Little White House,” residence of President Truman during the Potsdam Conference. L to R: Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet foreign minister, Secretary of State James Byrnes, Charles Bohlen, interpreter for President Truman, Adm. William Leahy (behind Mr. Truman), President Harry S. Truman, V. N. Pavlov, interpreter for Stalin, Josef Stalin., 07/17/1945