Gettysburg Battlefield, Slaughter Pen, 07/1863
The “Slaughter Pen”: scene of heavy fighting on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, the 2nd day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Gettysburg, interior view of Breastworks on Round Top., 07/1863
"Little Round Top" marked the isolated left flank of the Union lines on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, defended primarily by Col. Joshua Chamberlain’s 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry. Having resisted several Confederate charges, their casualties were high and ammunition was spent. In one of the more storied actions of the day, they fixed bayonets and charged down the hill, repulsing the final assault.
Lee’s Map of the battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863
(Accompanying General Lee’s report of the battle.);
War Department Collection of Confederate Records; Record Group 109
The battle lines are drawn as day 2 dawns during the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.
July 2 - The Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964, prohibited discrimination in public places, provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal. This document was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.