After successfully resisting multiple assaults and a 48 day siege, the Confederate garrison at Port Hudson, Louisiana surrendered on July 9, 1863, following the fall of Vicksburg days earlier.
This week marks the bicentennial celebration of the statehood of Louisiana. Among the historical records of the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate at the Center for Legislative Archives are many documents that illustrate the important role Congress plays in the creation of states. For Louisiana the road to statehood was relatively short; it became a state less than 10 years after being acquired from the French Government under provisions of the Louisiana Purchase. Visit our featured documents page for selection of congressional records that document Louisiana’s journey to become the 18th state in the Union.
Proclamation of Governor William Claiborne, 12/20/1803, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives
President Jefferson’s nomination of William Claiborne, 11/30/1804, Records of the U.S. Senate
The Constitution of the State of Louisiana, 1/22/1812, Records of the U.S. Senate
HR 88, 3/20/1812, Records of the U.S. Senate
Two weeks after the Treaty of Ghent had technically ended the hostilities of the War of 1812, American forces under Andrew Jackson defeated a British invasion force at the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815.
- The Battle of New Orleans. January 1815. Copy of engraving by H. B. Hall after W. Momberger.
- [Hurricane Katrina] New Orleans, St. Bernard, LA, 01-07-06 — Community Relations Specialist Dawn Hubbard & Bonnie Frabasilio talk with the Hughes family at the 1814 Battle of New Orleans reenactment… MARVIN NAUMAN/FEMA photo, 01/07/2006
December 20, 1803 - Following Senate ratification of the Louisiana Purchase in October, 1803, this three-language broadside was written to announce the United States’ purchase of the Louisiana Territory and to clarify for the people of New Orleans their citizenship status.