Photograph of Three Marine Corps Women Reservists, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 10/16/1943
American Indian women too have joined the fighting forces against Germany and Japan. These three are members of the U.S. Marine Corps. They are [left to right] Minnie Spotted Wolf of the Blackfeet, Celia Mix, Potawatomi, and Violet Eastman, Chippewa.
Skateboarding Into Combat
LCPL Chad Codwell, from Baltimore, Maryland, with Charlie Company 1ST Battalion 5th Marines, carries an experimental urban combat skateboard which is being used for manuevering inside buildings in order to detect tripwires and sniper fire. This mission is in direct support of Urban Warrior ‘99, 03/16/1999
Vietnam….A Marine stands watch in an observation tower as Lieutenant Commander McElroy, the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines chaplain, holds mass on Hill 950., 07/31/1967
For these dogs of the Marine Corps during World War II, every day was Take Your Dog to Work Day. Read the story of these dogs in “Let the Records Bark.”
Then, in addition to providing various basic personal details, each applicant was required to provide answers to a number of personality-focused questions, including: “Are you nervous?” “Gun Shy?” “Storm Shy?” “Do you run away?” “Have you lived in house, or kennel?” “What is your attitude toward strangers?” The only thing lacking is a short essay explaining the applicant’s reasons for wanting to join up.
Once accepted for service, the dogs went to the Dog Detachment Training Center at Camp Lejeune, where they were qualified in obedience and at least one other specialty. The record book lists the following possibilities: Guard Duty, Tracking, Attack, Messenger, First Aid, or Draft. In fact, however, most Marine dogs were used for messenger or scouting work.
Image: Butch poses with his handler. Records of the United States Marine Corps, RG 127
Butch the war dog brings Take your Dog to Work Day to a whole new level:
Private First Class Rez P. Hester, 7th War Dog Platoon, 25th Regiment, takes a nap while Butch, his war dog, stands guard. Iwo Jima, February 1945.
Did you bring your dog to work today? Here’s hoping your workplace is a bit less hazardous.
Integrating women into a peacetime military
Enacted on June 12, 1948, the “Women’s Armed Services Integration Act,” allowing women to serve in the military during peacetime for the first time in U.S. history. Although opportunities in the military were still restricted for them, women like Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Hildegard Strobl were now able to serve.
"Lieutenant Commander Dorothy Ryan checks the medical chart of Marine Corporal Roy Hadaway of Calera, Alabama aboard the hospital ship USS Repose off South Vietnam. Miss Ryan, from Bronx, New York, is one of 29 nurses aboard the hospital ship selected from 500 volunteers of the Navy Nurse Corps.” 04/22/1966
Marine receiving first aid before being sent to hospital in rear of trenches. Toulon Sector, France., 03/22/1918
On February 23, 1945, during the battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines raised a flag atop Mount Suribachi. It was taken down, and a second flag was raised. Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal captured this second flag-raising. Now part of U.S. Navy records, it is one of the most famous war photographs in U.S. history.
Despite capturing Mount Suribachi in the early days of the battle, it would take US forces until the end of March and thousands of casualties before they captured the heavily fortified island.
The United States Marine Corps Women’s Reserve was established 69 years ago in 1943.
Marine Sergeant Grace L. Wyman practices aerial photography at the United States Marine Corps Air Station at Cherry Point in the southern U.S. state of North Carolina. Aerial photography is one of the many important jobs taken over by women Marines to free men for combat duty. The United States Marine Corps Women’s Reserve will celebrate its second anniversary on February 13, 1945. 01/23/1945