Discharge Petition #14 Filed by Oscar De Priest Regarding H. Res. 236, a Resolution to Prevent Discrimination, 01/24/1934 - 03/05/1934
Item from Records of the U.S. House of Representatives. (04/01/1789 -)
This resolution and discharge petition from Representative Oscar De Priest, a Republican from Illinois, attempted to end racial discrimination in the House of Representatives’ Restaurant. De Priest introduced H. Res. 236 to the House, which called for the creation of a special committee to investigate the House Restaurant’s refusal to serve two African Americans, one of whom was a member of his staff. When the resolution stalled in the Rules Committee, De Priest successfully used a discharge petition to move the bill out and onto the House floor.
Don’t forget to check out the National Archives’ future exhibition “Making Their Mark: Stories Through Signatures,” opening to the public on March 21, 2014!
Bringing Battle to the Home Front: With the Marines at Tarawa
Will you be watching the Oscars this Sunday? Did you know that a number of films produced by the United States government were nominated or won Academy Awards? One such film is With the Marines at Tarawa, which brought the experience of a major battle to the American public and consequently won the 1945 Academy Award for best documentary short.
With the Marines at Tarawa hit theaters March 2nd, 1944. Sunday’s Oscar broadcast marks the 70th anniversary of the film’s release.
The Unites States Marine Corps fought the Battle of Tarawa over four days in November, 1943. At the end of the battle, nearly a thousand Marines were dead, and over two thousand were wounded. Of those holding the island, there were nearly 4700 casualties. Only seventeen Japanese soldiers surrendered; of about a thousand Korean forced laborers, 129 survived the battle.
Beyond the strategic value of the victory, the battle is significant today because so much of it was caught on film by our combat cameramen. Seeing the footage made the experience real for those on the home front, and serves as a record of the horror of war for those of us who watch it now.
With the Marines at Tarawa was carefully crafted to bring viewers into the experience, from the somber mood during preparation, through the chaos of battle, the overwhelming sadness of counting and caring for the dead, and the sense of accomplishment as the American flag was raised on the island.
In addition, the film focuses on how lives were saved by competent medical personnel and the possibility of blood transfusions, a fact that would have provided hope to those with loved ones on the front lines. Viewers are left with a sense of grief, as well as patriotism in knowing that “our boys” were bravely fighting this “war we did not want.”
Descendants of Solomon Northup encounter a record of his enslavement at the National Archives:
Solomon Northup was a free man when he was abducted and sold into slavery in 1841. He survived to recount his story in a memoir, 12 Years A Slave, which is now a motion picture. Yesterday, a few of his descendants viewed the document that marks the beginning of Northup’s journey into slavery—a slave manifest from the brig Orleans. Number 33 on the list of slaves bound for New Orleans is Plat Hamilton, the alias chosen for Northup by his kidnappers.
The descendants of Solomon Northup say they were aware of his story as they grew up, but seeing the actual documentation was an emotional experience. Today’s Washington Post has a story about their visit: http://t.co/b1Pz534rTS
The slave manifest is on display at the National Archives through March 30.
One of the descendants, Vera Williams, works at the National Archives. You can read her personal story (http://go.usa.gov/B68G) or learn how she and Clayton Adams walked in the footsteps of her great-great-great-grandfather Solomon Northup (http://go.usa.gov/B68z).
Photo: Northup descendants Clayton Adams and Vera Williams find his name on the slave manifest at the National Archives. (Photo by Jeff Reed)
Seating is on a first–come, first–served basis. No reservations are accepted. Free tickets are distributed at the Special Events entrance on Constitution Avenue, 60 minutes before start time. You must be present to receive a ticket. Theater doors open 30 minutes prior to start time. The saving of seats is strictly prohibited. Please note that some films may not be appropriate for general audiences.
Screening Schedule (Subject to availability)
Documentary Feature Nominees
Wednesday, February 26, 7 p.m.
20 Feet from Stardom
Nominees to be determined
(90 minutes; rated PG-13)
Thursday, February 27, 7 p.m.
The Act of Killing
Joshua Oppenheimer and Signe Byrge Sørensen
(122 minutes; unrated)
Friday, February 28, 7 p.m.
Jehane Noujaim and Karim Amer
(104 minutes; unrated)
Saturday, March 1, 7 p.m.
Richard Rowley and Jeremy Scahill
(86 minutes; unrated)
Sunday, March 2, 4 p.m.
Cutie and the Boxer
Zachary Heinzerling and Lydia Dean Pilcher
(82 minutes; rated R)
Live Action Short Film Nominees
Saturday, March 1, noon
Aquel No Era Yo (That Wasn’t Me)
(24 minutes; unrated)
Avant Que De Tout Perdre (Just Before Losing Everything)
Xavier Legrand and Alexandre Gavras
(30 minutes; unrated)
Anders Walter and Kim Magnusson
(23 minutes; unrated)
Pitääkö Mun Kaikki Hoitaa? (Do I Have to Take Care of Everything?)
Selma Vilhunen and Kirsikka Saari
(7 minutes; unrated)
The Voorman Problem
Mark Gill and Baldwin Li
(13 minutes; unrated)
Total Running time: 97 minutes.
Animated Short Film Nominees
Saturday, March 1, 3:30 p.m.
Daniel Sousa and Dan Golden
(13 minutes; unrated)
Get a Horse!
Lauren MacMullan and Dorothy McKim
(6 minutes; rated G)
Laurent Witz and Alexandre Espigares
(12 minutes; unrated)
(14 minutes; unrated)
Room on the Broom
Max Lang and Jan Lachauer
(26 minutes; unrated)
Total Running Time: 71 minutes.
Documentary Short Subject Nominees
Sunday, March 2, 11 a.m.
(39 minutes; unrated)
(23 minutes; unrated)
Karama Has No Walls
(26 minutes; unrated)
The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life
Malcolm Clarke and Nicholas Reed
(38 minutes; unrated)
Prison Terminal: The Last Days of Private Jack Hall
(40 minutes; unrated)
Total Running Time: 166 minutes
The screenings are presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in partnership with the Charles Guggenheim Center for the Documentary Film and the Foundation for the National Archives.
Up from the Deep: Treating Records Salvaged from a World War II Shipwreck
Records recovered from the USS Peary, a World War II ship sunk Feb. 19, 1942. Can they be separated or not?
Happy Birthday to Ansel Adams, born 112 years ago today.
In 1941, Adams visited the Still Picture Branch in the National Archives to select and print images from the Mathew Brady collection for use in the Museum of Modern Art’s exhibit “Photographs of the Civil War and the American Frontier,” which would open in March 1942.
The National Archives holds 226 photographs taken by Adams in 1941 when the National Park Service commissioned him to create a photo mural for the Department of the Interior Building in Washington, DC. The project stopped because of World War II and never resumed. (For a full list of these photos, go to: http://go.usa.gov/Bf6P)
For more documents from Adams’s visit to the National Archives, go to: http://go.usa.gov/BfFW
Happy Birthday to Photographer Ansel Adams!
2/20/1902 - 4/22/1984
“Visit to the National Archives by the famous American photographer, Ansel Adams, to look at some of his work in the Still Picture Branch, September 10, 1979″ (64-MISC-1-5)
Not only does the National Archives hold a series of his photos taken for the National Park Service (we’ve featured several in the past), but the renowned photographer also visited the Archives in person on several occasions.
Who were the Real Monuments Men?
German loot stored in church at Ellingen, Germany found by troops of the U.S. Third Army. 4/24/45.
Can’t make tonight’s The Monuments Men talk with Robert Edsel at the National Archives? (Watch it online on the usnationalarchives Ustream channel). Or want to brush up on your history in advance? Read about the real “Monuments Men.”
Made up of art historians, museum curators, archivists, and architects, the men and women from the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFA&A) Section of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, aka the “Monuments Men,” were assigned to protect Europe’s cultural heritage.
Learn about individual Monuments Men in the recent series on the Text Message blog:
- Walter Kirtland Hancock, Hometown Hero: St. Louis’s Monuments Man
- Ronald Balfour, A British Monuments Man Killed in Action
- Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, An Unlikely Monuments Man
- Walter J. Huchthausen, A Monuments Man Killed in Action
- Seymour J. Pomrenze, A National Archives Monument Man
- Mason Hammond, the First American Monuments Man in the Field
- Edith Standen, A “Monuments Man” in Germany 1945-1947
- Karol Estreicher, The Polish Monuments Man
- S. Lane Faison, An Office of Strategic Services Monuments Man
- Sir Hilary Jenkinson, An Archivist Monuments Man
- Walter Horn, A Monuments Man Investigator
- Douglas Cooper, A British Art Historian and Collector Monuments Man
Read up on the author of many of these pieces: Greg Bradsher: Monuments Men expert at the National Archives
More on the Monuments Men at:
- Media Matters » The Real Monuments Men
- Prologue: Pieces of History » Nazi Art Looter’s Diary, Long Missing, Found and Online for the First Time
- Prologue: Pieces of History » You won’t see this in the Monuments Men movie
- Monuments Men and Nazi Treasures by Dr. Greg Bradsher, via Prologue Magazine
- Hi-res and public domain images relating to looted art
- Dr. Greg Bradsher’s extensive online finding aid to these materials
- In 2011, the National Archives launched the International Research Portal to Nazi-era records, providing digital access to millions of Nazi-era cultural property–related records through a single portal for the first time.
- The Eisenhower Library has a number of records related to the Monuments Men.
It’s an evening dedicated to the Monuments Men on Wednesday, February 19, at 7 p.m. at the National Archives in Washington, DC.
Robert Edsel has dedicated years to painstaking research about the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program–the group known as the Monuments Men–and has written several books including The Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History.
Edsel and a panel will discuss his books, the recent film adaptation starring George Clooney, his work as founder and chairman of the Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art, and the work of the Monuments Men.
The panel includes Greg Bradsher, senior archivist at the National Archives and author of Holocaust-Era Assets: A Finding Aid to Records at the National Archives at College Park, MD; Nancy Yeide, head of the Department of Curatorial Records at the National Gallery of Art; Michael Kurtz, professor at University of Maryland College of Information Studies and former Assistant Archivist for Records Services at the National Archives; and Ambassador Stuart Eizenstat, President Clinton’s special representative on Holocaust-era issues.
A book signing of The Monuments Men and Saving Italy will follow the program.
Image: Artworks that were confiscated and collected for Adolf Hitler, seen here examining art in a storage facility, were designated for a proposed Führermuseum in Linz, Austria. (242-HB-32016-1)
It Gets Better
Listen to some of our colleagues, co-workers & friends share their experiences for the It Gets Better Project.
The National Archives is proud to join other federal agencies in support of the “It Gets Better Project.” Our participation in this project represents an opportunity for federal agencies and employees to openly talk about issues, share messages and stories of hope, and provide resources for support.
Thanks to all the NARA staff across the country who shared their stories and supported this project. And remember, it truly does get better.
Read the full post on the AOTUS blog.
The National Archives is looking for docents! The deadline to apply is February 19. We’re looking for friendly people to lead tours at the National Archives to help visitors of all ages understand history and the work of the National Archives.
The two-month training course begins February 25 and is held Tuesdays and Thursdays, from 4 to 7 p.m. After that, volunteers generally commit to one or two shifts per week.
Applications are online: http://www.archives.gov/careers/volunteering/dc-metro/dc.html
For more information, contact Rebecca Martin, Manager of Volunteers, Interns, and Interpretation, at 202-357-5272.