"…The Enrollment is complete except in one sub-district, located in the mining districts where the population consists mostly of Irish & under the excitement of the past week, it would have been indiscreet to have attempted to proceed — it shall be completed however as soon as possible…"
"…Precautionary measures have been taken by this board since the outbreak in New York. To prevent similar recurrences in this district special Watchmen + scouts have been employed. Scouts to bring information from the sections which seemed most turbulent + the Watchmen to gaurd [sic] the office Building, wherein the clothing is stored. Threats have reached me that this Office together with Enrollment + clothing would be destroyed. The danger seemed imminent and the utmost vigilance was required."
Tri-monthly Reports from James Brown to Provost Marshal General James Fry, 07/20/1863
This report reflects the concern and issues raised a week following the the New York City Draft Riots. Violent protests against the Civil War draft, the riots lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction. Acts of vandalism and destruction were reported throughout the city as the riots spread. The mobs initially targeted government buildings and representatives before focusing their violence towards the African-American community.
"Whereas there appears to be much opposition to the operations of the act of enrollment and such opposition seems likely to result in a demonstration which may endanger the safety of the property now occupied by the Provost Marshall’s Office, and the buildings adjoining, which are private property, and are likely to be destroyed or injured to a great extent in case of a disturbance,—
We the undersigned Citizens of Tarrytown do hereby respectfully suggest and ask the removal of said office and for the adoption of such other precautionary measures by the Provost Marshall, as shall tend to secure the safety and tranquility of all concerned.”
Petition from Citizens of Tarrytown to Captain Moses G. Leonard, 07/16/1863
From the series Letters Received (1863-1865) from the Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau
July 13th, marked the 150th anniversary of the New York City Draft Riots, violent protests against the Civil War draft that lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction. Acts of vandalism and destruction were reported throughout the city as the riots spread. The mobs initially targeted government buildings and representatives before focusing their violence towards the African-American community.
"…the news from New York City indicates that both mail & telegraphic communications are interrupted with Washington…"
Letter to Captain John Godfrey Calling for the Postponement New Hampshire Draft because of Draft Riots in New York, 07/14/1863
July 13th marks the 150th anniversary of the New York City Draft Riots, violent protests against the Civil War draft that lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction. This letter from New Hampshire on July 14th indicates the widespread effects and alarm raised by the riots.
"Warned by the fearful riots in N.York. I hope this District will be well guarded…"
Letter from Hoboken Mayor L.W. Elder to Provost Marshall E.N. Miller, 07/13/1863
July 13th, marks the 150th anniversary of the New York City Draft Riots, violent protests against the Civil War draft that lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction. Acts of vandalism and destruction were reported throughout the city as the riots spread. The mobs initially targeted government buildings and representatives before focusing their violence towards the African-American community.
Day 3: June 27
President Franklin D. Roosevelt commissioned the construction of a library and museum to house his vast collection of papers, books, and memorabilia. Many previous presidents donated their papers to the Library of Congress, but this was not the best fit for Roosevelt. Not only was his collection too expansive for that institution at the time, but Roosevelt was concerned about having all of the nation’s important documents housed in only one place. Instead, he built a new facility on a 16 acre section of his mother’s home in Hyde Park, NY – an institution that would become the nation’s first presidential library.
The official Library dedication was a small, quiet affair, with close friends and family attending the ceremony. No formal invitations were issued, but a small article appeared in the paper a few days before the ceremony inviting Roosevelt’s Hudson Valley neighbors to join them for the dedication at 4pm on June 30, 1941. A few speeches were given, and the Library was officially opened to the public.
Some of our DOCUMERICA photographs are featured in “Hurricane Sandy: Record, Remember, Rebuild,” the new project over at Historypin.
Using maps, you can see images of the area affected by the hurricane. Our DOCUMERICA images show the shoreline before Sandy. Other archives and libraries have added photographs taken during and after the storm.
They would like contributions from individuals and institutions, so take a look and add your own!
Ethan Allen and his Vermont militia, the Green Mountain Boys, accompanied by Benedict Arnold, captured Fort Ticonderoga in New York from its small British garrison on May 10, 1775, in the second major engagement of the American Revolution.
A plan of Fort Ticonderoga in July 1758 during the Seven Years War. (111-SC-94756)
Controlling the southern end of Lake Champlain, the fort had been a strategic linchpin during the earlier French and Indian Wars but had later fallen into disrepair. However, the artillery pieces captured with the fort would prove key months later, when they were removed and used to break the siege of Boston, liberating it from British occupation.
Now a reconstructed museum, Fort Ticonderoga existed only as ruins in the years following the war. Read more about the fort and a would-be veteran in the compelling A Soldier of the Revolution; Or, Will the Real Isaac Rice Please Stand Up from the National Archives’ Prologue Magazine.
(Ed. note - visited Fort Ti this past summer, along with the “jr. curator.” -D)
Princess Party, 1940s-style
Picnic for Princess Juliana of the Netherlands at Val-kill, Hyde Park, New York, October 9, 1943.
L-R: Secret Service, Secret Service, Princess Irene, Princess Beatrix, Princess Juliana, Mrs. J.R. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt in background with unidentified man, FDR, children’s nurse, Grace Tully, Ethel Roosevelt (Mrs. FDR, Jr.). Photo by Margaret Suckley.
Accept No Substitutes
"We have already seen the effects of the use of some of the substitutes for light wines and beer, and the result is very much in favor of the use of wines and beer."
In 1919, representatives for the Northern New York Utilities, Inc., wrote to New York Congressman David O’Connell objecting to the complete prohibition of alcoholic beverages. Supporters for prohibition did not always favor a complete ban on all liquors. Some supported prohibition of strong spirits, while allowing the consumption
of beer and wine.
Petition from Northern New York Utilities, Incorporated, to the Honorable David J. O’Connell, 10/08/1919
Happy Canada Day to our Neighbors to the North!
"FISH-EYE" CAMERA VIEW OF UNITED STATES-CANADA BOUNDARY LINE ON RAINBOW BRIDGE, WHICH SPANS THE NIAGARA RIVER JUST BELOW THE FALLS. THE BRIDGE JOINS NEW YORK STATE AND THE PROVINCE OF ONTARIO, 05/1973
Photograph from the EPA’s Documerica series
On January 27, 1776, former bookseller Henry Knox arrived at George Washington’s headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with 60 tons of captured artillery to use in the liberation of Boston from British forces. Knox had masterminded the removal and transportation of the guns from Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York, through 300 miles of sparsely populated terrain in the dead of winter.
Hauling guns by ox teams from Fort Ticonderoga for the siege of Boston, 1775
The Lady and the Tiger, 11/07/1917
This cartoon by Clifford K. Berryman depicts the two big winners on New York’s Election Day, 1917 — Women’s Suffrage, and the Tammany Hall political machine, represented by the Tammany Tiger. While some states allowed women to vote, no national law guaranteed women that right until the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1920.
September 11 - The Battle of Plattsburgh
John Bull making a new Batch of Ships to send to the Lakes. After MacDonough’s victory over the British fleet on Lake Champlain, September 1814. Copy of cartoon engraving by William Charles, 1814.
British war efforts are mocked in this early political cartoon following their defeat at the Battle of Plattsburgh on September 11, 1814. An outgunned American fleet stopped a British invasion force on Lake Champlain in one of the final northern campaigns during the War of 1812.