Small portions of the Christmas mail that is being sorted at Pier 86, North River, New York City, for the American Expeditionary Forces. The mail comes from every part of the country., 11/20/1918
With only a few days until Hanukkah and a little over a month until Christmas - have you finished your holiday shopping & letters? Have you even started?
- Be sure to check out the "Searching for the Seventies" exhibit now at the National Archives!
- Follow the USNatArchivesExhibits tumblr, where every day is DOCUMERICA day.
- Don’t forget our #DOCUMERICA tag!
- Want to do you own Documerica research? Browse the EPA’s DOCUMERICA series in the National Archives’ online catalog.
If you thought this selection of DOCUMERICA photographs was fascinating, don’t miss our exhibit “Searching for the Seventies: The DOCUMERICA Project" at the National Archives in Washington, DC.
Today marks the start of Documerica Week on In Focus — a new photo essay each day, featuring regions of the U.S. covered by the photographers of the Documerica Project in the early 1970s. The Documerica Project was put together by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1971, with a primary goal of documenting adverse effects of modern life on the environment, but photographers were also encouraged to record the daily life of ordinary people, capturing a broad snapshot of America. Today’s subject is New York City, an area covered by many photographers, showing some of the urban decay and congestion that helped prompt environmental legislation, as well as glimpses of New Yorkers at work and play. Stay tuned for part 2 of Documerica Week tomorrow, when we travel southwest.
"The excitement is spreading and from the information obtained this morning there is a secret organization in Eastchester and partly armed…"
Letter from W.H.H. Barker to Captain Moses G. Leonard, 07/13/1863
July 13th, marks the 150th anniversary of the New York City Draft Riots, violent protests against the Civil War draft that lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction. Acts of vandalism and destruction were reported throughout the city as the riots spread. The mobs initially targeted government buildings and representatives before focusing their violence towards the African-American community.
Department of the East,
New York City, July 13, 1863
Loomis Colonel G.
Commanding Governor’s Island
The Major General Commanding directs, that you send immediately to this city for special service all the troops, regulars and Volunteers, that you have now under your command, to report to Col Rogert Nugent A.A. Provost Marshal General, No. 106 Leonard St. The men will have forty rounds or ammunition each with their arms.
By command of Major General Wool
C. T. Christensen
Asst. Adj’t General
Department of the East,
New York City, July 13, 1863.
Paulding Rear Admiral H.
There is a riot in this city, in opposition to the Draft, which threatens to be quite serious. I have ordered all the troops in the forts in this harbor to report to Colonel Nugent A.A. Provost Marshal General No. 106 Leonard St. New York City - but in all they amount to only a small band. Can you not furnish us with a company or more, of Marines for that purpose, by aiding us at this moment, you will confer a favor on the city authorities, as well as myself.
I remain, sir,
Your Obedt Servant
John E Wool
(Transcription via National Archives Citizen Archivist Transcription Pilot Project)
When Federal officials began using the Enrollment Act to draft men on July 13, 1863, riots erupted in New York City. Maj. Gen. John E. Wood requested reinforcements in this urgent letter. More than 5,000 troops arrived, many directly from the Battle at Gettysburg. Nevertheless an estimated 20,000 rioters ruled the city for four days, and 119 people died. Rioters soon targeted New York’s African American community, burning the Colored Orphan Asylum and driving many blacks out of the city.
New York, July 13, 1863
Colonel James B. Fry
Provost Marshal General
My Head Quarters are destroyed and the draft in the Ninth district of this state is temporarily suspended. My lists etc are I think preserved in the safe.
I opened my Head Quarters this morning at 7.15 o clock and soon after began to receive reports from my special officers who are well acquainted with the district and which satisfied me that an attempt would be made to stop the draft. They were trustworthy men and I was obliged to believe the reports. I at once sent a request to AAPM G Nugent to detail for my support a sergeant two …
July 13th, marks the 150th anniversary of the New York City Draft Riots, violent protests against the Civil War draft that lasted four days and resulted in over 1,000 casualties and millions of dollars of property destruction.
This document provides an eyewitness account from the Ninth District Provost Marshal office. Located on the corner of Third Avenue and 46th Street, the Ninth District office was chosen to begin the draft on July 11th because it was in a less densely populated part of 19th century Manhattan; Provost Marshal General James Fry elected to stagger the draft process to subdue potential rebellion. Within a half hour of resuming the draft lottery on July 13th, the building was overtaken by hundreds of people and burned to the ground. At the time this letter was written, the full extent of damage was still unknown. Similar acts of vandalism and destruction were reported throughout the city as the riots spread. The mobs initially targeted government buildings and representatives before focusing their violence towards the African-American community.
HAMBURGER STAND OFFERS CUSTOMERS A QUICK BITE WHILE WAITING FOR THEIR SUBWAY TRAIN ON THE 42ND STREET STATION OPERATED BY THE NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT AUTHORITY… 07/1974
Hop off at your local subway hamburger stand for National Hamburger Day!
Happy 130th to the Brooklyn Bridge!
When it opened on May 24, 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. Designed and built by German-born John A. Roebling and his son, Washington A. Roebling, the bridge connected New York and Brooklyn. The remarkable design used Roebling’s patented system of steel wire cable construction. Its graceful limestone and granite towers, pictured here, took 5 years to build.
- Photograph of the Brooklyn Bridge Across the East River, 04/1974. From the EPA’s DOCUMERICA Series
- Plan of One Tower for the East River Bridge, 1867
- Pedestrians on the upper deck promenade of Brooklyn Bridge, New York City, ca. 1910
BICYCLISTS IN CENTRAL PARK. ON SUNDAYS THE DRIVES THROUGH THE PARK ARE CLOSED TO MOTOR TRAFFIC, AND CYCLISTS BECOME LORDS OF THE ROAD, 05/1973
From the Records of the Environmental Protection Agency. (12/02/1970-)
The DOCUMERICA program captured images of a changing America; here, cyclists take over Central Park for the day. During the 1970s, New York and other American cities experimented with ways to make transportation cleaner and more efficient.
Nowadays, cyclists have more time to enjoy being “lords of the road”; Central Park is closed to motor traffic except during the weekday rush hour.
VOLUNTEER GARDENER TENDS TINY FLOWER PLOT ON 62ND STREET BETWEEN PARK AND LEXINGTON AVENUES IN MIDTOWN MANHATTAN. THIS STREET IS ALWAYS GRACES BY ATTRACTIVE, WELL-CARED-FOR PLANTINGS, 04/1973
From the Records of the Environmental Protection Agency (12/02/1970-)
April showers bring May flowers, but it looks like this volunteer gardener is getting a jump on May! Some streets in New York City are adorned with flowers in Spring.
(Suzanne Szasz, photographer)
Also reblogging because I can’t resist the vintage Volvo P1800… -D
The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center officially opened 40 years ago on April 4, 1973. At the time of their completion they were the tallest buildings in the world.
These photos, taken shortly after the World Trade Center was completed in the early 1970s, are part of the DOCUMERICA series, a program sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency to photographically document subjects of environmental concern in America during the 1970s.
Find more images from DOCUMERICA at “Searching for the Seventies: The DOCUMERICA Photography Project,” now open at the National Archives in Washington, DC.
Photograph of a Young Jewish Boy with Elders at a Passover Ceremony, 4/16/1951.
In this 1951 photograph, a seven-year-old Jewish boy asks the traditional Passover questions during a Seder dinner with elders Joseph Blantz, 91, and Hannah Skolnick in New York, New York.
Chag Pesach Sameach/Happy Passover!
Photograph of a Broken Fire Escape after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, 03/25/1911
One of the deadliest industrial disasters in United States history, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City left 146 workers dead in 18 minutes on March 25, 1911.
Locked doors kept the workers from escaping; there was not enough water to put out the flames, and firemen’s ladders were too short to reach the upper stories. Many of the young women and men working there leapt out the windows and fell to their deaths onto the sidewalk outside. Others were crushed in the elevator shaft or when the fire escape collapsed.
The fire led to sweeping reforms in labor laws and safety standards, providing a boost to labor unions, and was a pivotal event in the career of future labor secretary Frances Perkins.
(Last year’s post has additional photos of the fire and the victims, a few may be considered graphic.)
The National Archives at New York just reopened at a new location earlier this month:
Congratulations to the National Archives at New York!Our colleagues in New York City officially opened their new location to the public today. They are now at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House at One Bowling Green.Researchers and visitors are welcome from Monday to Friday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., as well as the first Saturday of the month from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.Please go visit them in this new beautiful space!To learn more about the records available for research, exhibits, and educational programs, visit http://www.archives.gov/nyc/
In honor of the 100th anniversary of New York City’s Grand Central Terminal (February 2, 1913), a few scenes as it looked nearly 40 years ago, circa 1974, courtesy of the EPA’s DOCUMERICA project.
Mrs. Battaglia, Tessie (age - 12 years), Tony (age - 7 years), 170 Mulberry St. Rear house, 5th floor. Garment workers. Husband crippled by a fall, tends to basement. Mrs. Battaglia works in shop except Saturdays, when the children sew with her at home. Get 2 or 3 cents a pair finishing men’s pants. Said they earn $1 to $1.50 on Saturday. Father disabled and can earn very little. New York. 01/25/1908