Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce
Following the Battle of Bear Paw, ”non-treaty” groups of the Nez Perce surrendered to the United States Army on October 5, 1877, ending the Nez Perce War. While not the sole leader of the Nez Perce, Joseph emerged as one of the more outspoken and compelling figures in the conflict and during the Nez Perce’s later struggles following their removal from their ancestral lands in the Pacific Northwest.
Sea Otter Awareness Week: September 23-29!
Sea otters face a variety of hazards, including man-made disasters such as oil spills, as this letter we posted several months ago illustrates:
“…Shipping first cargo of halibut caught in Puget Sounds by crew of schooner Oscar and Hattie. September 20, 1888.” By N. B. Miller.
In 1887, the U.S. Fish Commission sent the steamer Albatross on a three-year voyage to explore fishing grounds and gather data on the commercial fishing industry in the northeastern Pacific and Bering Sea. On a stop in Tacoma, Washington, its photographer captured these proud crewmen from the Oscar and Hattie showing off their catch.
Esquimalt Harbor, from summit of “Mill Mountain” near head of bay showing Active's and Satellite's anchorage. In the distance Smiths' or Blunts' Island and entrance to Haro and Rosario Straits, 1857 - 1862, James Madison Alden, Artist
This landscape is one of a series of watercolors of the northwest boundary between the Rocky Mountains and Point Roberts, commissioned on the basis of an Act of Congress from August 11, 1856. The sketches were created by James W. Alden who accompanied the survey party that, during the 1860s and in compliance with the Treaty of 1846, was responsible for recording characteristics of the northwestern boundary of the United States.