London designers show Fall Fashions in this 1967 Universal News clip. Featured are capes, high collars, and highway-robber outfits, complete with mask and two flint-guns. More practical options include black tunics and long, V-necked white wools for evening.
To read more about the fashion in this news reel, visit the Unwritten Record blog.
This Week in Universal News: Pierre Cardin’s Winter Fashion Preview, 1967:
FASHIONS Pierre Cardin shows his winter fashions at Versailles. Coats are of thick, woven wool; evening dresses show a lot of sequins; and there’s even a space-age cocktail dress!
"Chicago, Illinois-Mechanical aids to new habits of drinking are demonstrated by pretty misses in costumes especially designed for the cocktail hour. The scene at the end of the clip shows a woman wearing a dress with the names of different liquors, or literally a cocktail dress.”
This short newsreel definitely captures the fun, carefree nature of the Roaring 20s & 30s!
National Archives Identifier: 100520
More on this “refreshing” newsreel at: The Unwritten Record » This Week in Universal News: New Cocktail Gadgets, 1935
SPECIAL RELEASE - EUROPE AT WAR!
NAZIS ATTACK POLAND AND BOMB CITIES IN LIGHTNING COUP - FRANCE & ENGLAND PREPARE TO STRIKE
This Week in Universal News: The Invasion of Poland, 1939
On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, marking the official start of the Second World War. Sixteen days later, Russia invaded Poland from the east. By the end of September, Poland had succumbed to the dual attacks divided between Russia and Germany following a secret nonaggression pact the two nations had signed the previous week. Although Polish military forces were overcome, a strong Polish resistance existed throughout the duration of the war.
The initial invasion prompted Universal to release a special edition on September 4th, 1939. The narration tracks for these reels no longer exist, but the audio for President Roosevelt’s neutrality speech has survived. (At roughly 5:50).
The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Gulf of Tonkin Incident:
"UNITED STATES BOLSTERS FORCES PLANES AND MEN RUSHED TO ASIA Swift and sure has been U.S. retaliation for Communist PT-boat attacks on the high seas. The “Maddox” and the “C. Turner Joy” were attacked while patrolling international waters in the Gulf of Tonkin off north Viet Nam. War planes from two carriers avenged the unwarranted Red assault with 64 sorties against North Vietnam PT bases. Twenty-five boats – more than half the fleet – were destroyed and oil reserves badly damaged. President Lyndon Johnson went before the people to announce the U.S. action and Ambassador Adlai Stevenson reported to the United Nations. Meanwhile, a massive U.S. buildup is underway in Southeast Asia as people of all political faiths rally behind the President in this crisis."
Fifty years ago, in what came to be known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, North Vietnamese patrol boats attacked the U.S.S. Maddox. The events led to Congress passing the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which allowed the president to increase U.S. involvement in Vietnam without Congressional approval. In this week’s Universal newsreel, the story, including President Johnson’s “Midnight Address” to the nation, takes up the entire six minute run time. You can find out more about the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which is currently on display at the National Archives, in this Prologue post.
The original Gulf of Tonkin Resolution is on display in the East Rotunda Gallery of the National Archives Building from July 15 to August 7, 2014.
This Week in Universal News: A Hovercraft Crosses the English Channel, 1959:
HOVERCRAFT SKIMS CHANNEL: Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the first flight across the English Channel, Britain’s saucer-shaped “Hovercraft” skims from Calais to Dover, only inches above the surface.
Clip from Universal News, Volume 32, Release 61, Stories #1-4A, July 30, 1959
DILLINGER SHOT TO DEATH BY FEDERAL AGENTS AFTER HUNTCHICAGO, ILL.—-Leaving a small theatre on the North Side, America’s Public Enemy Number One finds death waiting at the hands of sixteen Federal men. Sensing his danger, Dillinger started to draw his gun, but bullets reached his heart before he was able to reach his pocket, ending a career of crime unparalleled in modern police annals.Excerpted from: Universal News, Volume 6, Release 269, Story #1, July 23, 1934
GLOBE FLIER TRIES STRATOPLANE, SEATTLE, WASH.– Howard Hughes, millionaire sportsman pilot who set a new “Round-the-World record last year, takes off in a new giant Stratoliner on a test flight believed to herald a new globe-circling venture.
This Week in Universal News: Howard Hughes and the Boeing 307 Stratoliner, 1939
In July of 1939, Howard Hughes purchased the first Boeing 307 Stratoliner. Because of the plane’s pressurized cabin, the plane could fly at altitudes over 20,000 feet, allowing it to avoid rough weather. In this clip from Universal News, we see the multi-millionaire taking his new toy for a test drive. Hughes had hoped to use the Stratoliner to break his own round-the-world flight record, but Germany’s invasion of Poland in September made the attempt unsafe and the flight was cancelled. Boeing produced ten Stratoliners; the last remaining example is on display at the Smithsonian’s Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, near Washington, D.C.
Lou Gehrig, the “Luckiest man on the face of the earth.”
In 1939, the Fourth of July coincided with Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day at Yankee Stadium. A day usually reserved for parades and fireworks was transformed into one of the most solemn, heart-wrenching, and inspiring moments in the history of sports. It was here, before 62,000 fans, that Gehrig proclaimed he was the “Luckiest man on the face of the earth.”
After a few games into the 1939 season, Gehrig’s performance had noticeably declined. On May 2, Gehrig took himself out of the lineup for the first time in 2,130 consecutive games. Unbeknownst to him, he would never play again.
Soon after Gehrig’s streak came to an end, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease he is synonymous with to this day. After hearing the news, the Yankee clubhouse made arrangements to honor their longtime all-star.
On July 4, 1939, the Yankees played a double header against the Washington Senators. Between the two games, players, coaches, and other notable figures came out to shower Gehrig with gifts and kind words. The Yankees also began a new baseball tradition as they retired Gehrig’s number 4 uniform.
Gehrig almost did not speak. As the ceremony came to an end and the microphones were being hauled away, the “Iron Horse” decided to say a few words. As Gehrig fought away tears, he made one of the most iconic speeches of all time.
It seems appropriate that Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day fell on Independence Day. In his famous Declaration, Thomas Jefferson ascribed that “All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” Despite his grim diagnosis and tragic decline, Gehrig embraced Jefferson’s unalienable rights. As he famously said, “I may have gotten a bad break, but I have an awful lot to live for.”
Watch the newsreel on the National Archives YouTube Channel, and read more about Gehrig’s iconic speech via Media Matters » “An Awful Lot to Live For”: Lou Gehrig’s Final Season in the News
Universal News Volume 11, Release 786, Story #5, July 5, 1939
"CHILDREN’S CORNER, WORLD’S FAIR CATERS TO THE SMALL FRY
It can be estimated that half of the admissions to the New York World’s Fair will be children- so why not an exhibit for them alone, it’s Atomsville, USA, and only children are admitted to operate nuclear displays. “
Return to the 1964 World’s Fair, where a special exhibit for children touted the wonders of atomic energy. Among other activities, the children learned how to use mechanical hands to safely handle uranium, searched for ore on a light-up map, and rode a stationary bike to discover that it would take thirty years of pedaling to equal the energy in one pound of uranium.
#DDAY70 D-Day -3:
"Some of the eleven thousand planes that opened the path through the so-called impregnable Atlantic wall. Between Le Havre and Cherbourg in Normandy the Allied lightning strikes. Communications necessary to the German defenses are blasted.”
CAMERAMEN READY FOR INVASION
"A few of the many cameramen ready to cover D-Day.
These Navy men will bring you pictures of this historical invasion.
Of these war cameramen we can only show you a few but these are some of the men who will risk their lives to shoot this gigantic military venture.
Here is Frank Parnell of Universal, he was wounded nine times taking pictures under fire.
Working with he newsreel men will be the army combat photographers.
There’s Neil Sullivan, a newsreeler as is Johnny Bobkurst, Bob Blair, an another old timer, aerial combat cameraman Lieutenant Phil Browning, and another formal newsreeler Major Sam Greenwald.
There primed for the job along with a guy from Brooklyn Captain Jessie Saben just itching to photograph the fall of them toilen bums.”
From: Universal News Volume 17, Release 297. May 25, 1944
Universal News turns the camera around to briefly profile some of the combat photographers and cameraman who would also risk their lives on D-Day.
#DDay70 D-Day -4:
THE EVE OF INVASION
Universal Newsreel, in full co-operation with the War Department, presents official pictures of the final military preparations for the launching of D-Day.
A host of nations engage in the huge task. The invasion, in truth, is a United Nation’s effort.
Elmer Trudgen’s one-man band has the cure for those Monday morning blues:
Elmer’s A Real One-Man Band
New York City–Elmer Trudgen, a Canadian farm boy, shows Gotham that the One-Man Band is no longer imagination. He has a contraption that enables him to play the piano, violin, guitar, harmonica, bass drum, snare drum, triangle, wood blocks, cymbals, cowbells and chime-all at once!
"Famous ‘Yank’ Steps Down: DETROIT, MICH.
—-Lou Gehrig, colorful Yankee first baseman, pioneer of over 2000 straight games in his 15 years ‘at bat’, takes himself out of the line-up before the game with the ‘Tigers’. He hopes to make a come-back!”
Seventy-five years ago on May 2, 1939, New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig voluntarily benched himself prior to a game against the Detroit Tigers, following a dramatic decline in his performance, and ending his streak of 2,130 consecutive games. Gehrig would not take the field again, and would eventually be diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. He succumbed to the disease only two years later, on June 2, 1941.