Patent Drawing for C. H. Dinkelman’s Gymnastic Apparatus, 03/10/1891
From the series : Utility Patent Drawings, compiled 1837 - 1911. Records of the Patent and Trademark Office
Christian Dinkelman’s invention was meant for use in “in circus-tents, theaters, or in the open air” and was specifically intended to “make the apparatus steady and strong and render it readily adjustable and quickly put up and taken down.”
The “Hello Girls”
"American telephone girls on arrival for "hello" duty in France. They all can speak both English and French., 03/1918"
During World War I, over 400 women were enrolled in the U.S. Army Signal Corps to operate telephone* switchboards in France. Despite the sometimes hazardous conditions of their service, they were denied veterans status after the war ended. It would take 60 years until a bill was signed by President Carter granting them veterans status in 1978.
Read more about the “Hello Girls” at the Signal Corps “Regimental” History Site - The Hello Girls
* Today is also the anniversary of Alexander Graham Bell’s patent for “Improvements in Telegraphy”, aka the telephone.
Drawing for Improvements in Telegraphy
After years of experiments, Alexander Graham Bell devised the first apparatus to transmit human speech via machine. Bell patented his “Improvements in Telegraphy" (aka the telephone) on March 7, 1876, making it “…possible to connect every man’s house, office or factory with a central station, so as to give him direct communication with his neighbors.” His work culminated in one of the most profitable and contested of all 19th-century patents.
From the series: Patent Case Files, compiled 1836 - 1993. Records of the Patent and Trademark Office, 1836 - 1978.
When Prohibition officially ended on December 5, 1933, booze peddlers large and small quickly did the legal thing and registered their products’ labels with the U.S. Patent Office. Here’s one aptly named product, to cash in on this “heady” time, registered with the Patent Office on March 6, 1934.
Trademark Application for Esslinger’s “Repeal Beer” Label, Case File 43336. 3/06/1934. NARA ID: 7788265
From the series: Case Files for Registered Product Labels , 1874 - 1940. Records of the Patent and Trademark Office, 1836 - 1978
(Today’s post comes via Alan Walker, an archivist in Research Services at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland.)
Minidoka Relocation Center. These two boys are rapidly developing a love for a sport which is entirely new to them…sledding. Teshie Boi (Left), Henry Kumasaka (R). 12/09/1942
Francis Stewart, photographer. From the series: Central Photographic File of the War Relocation Authority
Two boys trying to make the best out of life while in a Japanese-American internment camp. A snowday find submitted to us via twitter:
— Noriko (@apacurator)March 3, 2014
STARVE THE SQUANDER BUG. BUY MORE WAR BONDS
From the series: World War II Posters, compiled 1942 - 1945; Records of the Office of Government Reports, 1932 - 1947
Born 110th years ago on March 2, 1904, illustrator and author Theodore Seuss Geisel, aka Dr. Seuss, designed the “Squander Bug” for World War II propaganda posters, inspired by a British creation of the same name.
During the war Seuss also worked on Army training films, such as those featuring the bumbling Private SNAFU.
Red Cross workers assembled at the IP, Avenue C and 7th Street, Camp Patrick Henry.
Left to right, front row, are Edna Elizabeth Dick of Williamsburg, Kentucky; Mrs. Madeleine Carroll Hamilton; Marcia Hinrichs, Alexandria, Virginia. Left to right, back row, Megan Downey, Cleveland Heights, Ohio; Anne Hayes, Atlanta, Georgia; and Helen Hubbell, New York City.
Official photograph United States Army Signal Corps, Hampton Roads Point of Embarkation, Newport News, Virginia. 02/27/1944
"In the men’s Slalom - it’s the turn of the United States to upset the Ski-pole. Billy Kidd takes second place and his teammate, Jimmy Heuga takes third as Josef Stiegler of Austria wins a Gold Medal for his team. It’s the first win for the United States in men’s Alpine skiing."
Did you catch yesterday’s Men’s Slalom at Sochi? 50 years ago at the 1964 Innsbruck Winter Games, American skiers Billy Kidd (#10) and Jimmy Huega (#24) win the silver and bronze for the United States in the Men’s Slalom event.
"Then the crowd really took notice when Billy Kidd of Stowe, Vermont came flashing down the slope. His performance was so brilliant that he placed third in the combined Alpine standing, while he takes second place here.”
Watching today’s Men’s Slalom at Sochi? 50 years ago at the 1964 Innsbruck Winter Games, skier Billy Kidd won the silver medal for the United States in the Men’s Slalom event, while his teammate Jimmy Huega captured bronze.
"…it’s the United States Slalom Team that mounts a surprise. They were given little chance in the downhill test until Jimmy Huega of California came dancing through the gates. His fast final run assured him a third place…"
Watching today’s Men’s Slalom at Sochi? 50 years ago at the 1964 Innsbruck Winter Games, skier Jimmy Huega won the bronze medal for the United States in the Men’s Slalom event.
"Officers and guests lunch under giant cactus near Fort Thomas, Arizona." February 18, 1886
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954
Photograph of Chin Wah Affixed to Bertillon Measurement Card
The Bertillon measurement card of Chin Wah indicates that he was examined on February 17, 1915. Affixed to this measurement card is Wah’s prison photograph, known commonly as a “mug shot.” His inmate case file indicates that he was convicted in Brooklyn, New York for manufacturing and smoking opium.
A system of physical identification pre-dating the use of fingerprints, Bertillon Measurements used anthropometrics, such as the length and width of the head and the degree of forehead slope to create an individual’s unique profile.
Happy President’s Day!
Half a dozen Commander-in-Chiefs, via Media Matters » Images of the Week (02/14/2014)
Can you name all 6 in just once glance?
"Members of the Nation’s first Negro Navigation Cadets, who will receive their commissions in the Army Air Forces on February 26th, visited City Hall as guests of Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia this afternoon. They are shown on the steps of City Hall as the mayor greeted their commanding officer, Maj. Galen B. Price.", 02/16/1944
Love in the Archives?
A few of our colleagues get in the mood for St. Valentine’s Day, circa 1975:
"Photograph of St. Valentine’s Day Hop on the Mezzanine Level of the National Archives, 1975"
While Library Valentines are all the rage, we haven’t seen too many Archival-themed ones. Here’s a couple to get started:
- "Let’s declassify our love."
- "You’ve been accessioned by my heart."
- "We belong in the same record group."
Pretty cheesy — but we know Tumblr can do better. Maybe you can warm the Archives’ cold marble heart?