It’s the Birthday of President Harry S. Truman
A brief timeline on what would have been Harry’s 130th birthday-
- 1884: Harry S. Truman is born in Lamar, Missouri on May 8. As a young man, he works briefly as a timekeeper for a railroad construction contractor, then as a clerk in two Kansas City banks.
- 1906: Harry begins working with his father to run the family farm. He continues working as a farmer for more than ten years.
- 1905-1911: Harry serves in the Missouri National Guard. When the United States enters World War I in 1917, he helps to organize the 2nd Regiment of Missouri Field Artillery, which is quickly called into Federal service as the 129th Field Artillery and sent to France.
- 1919-1922: Harry runs a men’s clothing store in Kansas City with his wartime friend, Eddie Jacobson. The store fails in the postwar recession. Harry narrowly avoids bankruptcy, and through determination and over many years he pays off his share of the store’s debts.
- 1922: Harry is elected to be one of three judges of the Jackson County Court.
- 1934: Harry is elected to the United States Senate.
- July, 1944: Harry is nominated to run for Vice President with President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- January 20, 1945: Harry takes the vice-presidential oath. After President Roosevelt’s unexpected death only eighty-two days later on April 12, 1945, Harry is sworn in as the nations’ 33rd President.
- May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders unconditionally one day before Harry’s 61st birthday.
- 1948: Harry wins reelection despite a widely expected defeat.
- 1953: Harry leaves the Presidency and retires to Independence, MO.
- 1972: Harry S. Truman dies on December 26, 1972.
Photo: President Truman on the celebration of his 61st birthday, the day after the unconditional surrender of Germany in World War II. May 8, 1945.
-from the Truman Library
Happy Birthday John Barrymore!
Stage and film actor John Barrymore was born on this day in 1882. He was 36 years old when he filled out this World War I Draft Registration card, and employed as an actor at the Plymouth Theatre in New York City.
World War I Draft Registration Card for John Blythe Barrymore
From the series: Draft Registration Cards 1917 - 1918
Happy 100th Birthday President Ford!
This Sunday is the 100th anniversary of Gerald R. Ford’s birth on July 14, 2013. Throughout 2013, we are celebrating President Ford’s Centennial at the Ford Presidential Library and Museum and the National Archives. Check out some of the highlights:
- Ford’s life in pictures each Friday
- President Ford and the Space Program — Apollo/Soyuz
- State Dinners with President and Mrs. Ford*
- The Gerald R. Ford Centennial
To get the party started, here’s some birthday photos from earlier festivities for Jerry:
Congressman Ford cuts the cake at the party for his 59th birthday on July 14, 1972. He was in a wheelchair following an operation for his “football” knee; President Ford opens presents at his surprise birthday party on July 14, 1975;
President and Mrs. Ford toast on the occasion of his 63rd birthday during a surprise lunch at the San Souci restaurant on July 14, 1976.
*The latest member of the National Archives family on Tumblr!
(State Dinners with President and Mrs. Ford from the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum)
Happy Birthday Willie Nelson!
“When I was in trouble in the White House or when I wanted to have some deep thoughts, I had a very high quality hi-fi player, and the number one thing I played was Willie Nelson songs. All the good things I did as a president, all the mistakes I made — you can blame half of that on Willie.”
-Jimmy Carter in an interview with Rolling Stone Magazine
Photos: Jimmy Carter with Willie Nelson and his guests outside of the Old Executive Building. 4/25/78; President Carter on stage at a performance by country western singer, Willie Nelson at the Merriweather Post Pavilion in Columbia, Maryland. 9/13/80.
The two remain friends today.
-from the Carter Library
FDR’s Birthday Celebrations and the Fight Against Polio
Today is the anniversary of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s birthday. During FDR’s Presidency, his birthday became synonymous with celebrations to raise money to fight polio.
“The National Committee for Birthday Balls” sponsored a dance in every town across the nation, both to celebrate FDR’s birthday but also to raise money for the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation, later re-named the March of Dimes. Read More
Franklin D. Roosevelt
January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945
Happy Birthday President Woodrow Wilson!
(December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924)
The Prosperity Painter, 01/30/1915
"The Prosperity Painter", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Evening Star on January 30, 1915, depicts President Woodrow Wilson as a painter of prosperity while the economy continued to boom in America as war raged in Europe.
Nelson Mandela International Day
In 2009 the United Nations General Assembly declared Nelson Mandela’s Birthday, July 18th Nelson Mandela International Day in recognition of the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom.
Photograph of President William J. Clinton with Nelson Mandela at the Philadelphia Freedom Festival , 07/04/1993
Happy Birthday to writer and philosopher Henry David Thoreau, who was born on July 12, 1817, in Concord, Massachusetts. This census record from 1850 shows Thoreau (line 33) living with his family in Concord. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 44 in 1862. Which do you think it is Thoreau’s most important work: his essay “Civil Disobedience” or his book “Walden Pond”?
Happy Birthday Marilyn Monroe!
(June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962)
Marilyn Monroe, motion picture actress, appearing with the USO Camp Show, “Anything Goes,” poses for the shutterbugs after a performance at the 3rd U.S. Infantry Division area., 02/17/1954
George Washington was born in Virginia on February 11, 1731, according to the then-used Julian calendar. In 1752, however, Britain and all its colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar, which moved the calendar ahead 11 days and made January the first month of the year instead of March. The new calendar placed Washington’s birth on February 22, 1732.
Washington, George, the Virginia Colonel (3/4 length), 1772
Happy Birthday Susan B. Anthony!
February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906
Convicted for Voting
Suffragette Susan B. Anthony registered and voted in the election of 1872 in Rochester, New York. As planned, she was arrested for “knowingly, wrongfully and unlawfully vot[ing] for a representative to the Congress of the United States,” convicted by the State of New York, and fined $100.
There never will be complete equality until women themselves help to make laws and elect lawmakers.––Susan B. Anthony, 1897
U.S. vs. Susan B. Anthony, Record of Conviction, 06/28/1873