Watching the Sound of Music Live? Read up on the real Maria von Trapp!
When the von Trapp family fled the Nazi regime in Austria, they traveled to America. Eventually, the entire family—except for the husband, Georg—-became American citizens.In the early 1940s the family settled in Stowe, Vermont, where they bought a farm. They ran a music camp on the property when they were not on tour. In 1944, Maria and her stepdaughters Johanna, Martina, Maria, Hedwig, and Agathe applied for U.S. citizenship by filing declarations of intention at the U.S. District Court in Burlington, Vermont. Georg apparently never filed to become a citizen; Rupert and Werner were naturalized while serving in the U.S. armed forces during World War II; Rosmarie and Eleonore derived citizenship from their mother; and Johannes was born in the United States and was a citizen in his own right.
If you are planning on watching the new version of the Sound of Music this week, make sure you brush up on all your von Trapp trivia here: http://go.usa.gov/WFbh
Happy 95th Birthday, Rita Hayworth!
The actress and dancer was born Margarita Carmen Cansino to show business parents on October 17, 1918.
"Harvesting bumper crop for Uncle Sam. Movie star Rita Hayworth sacrificed her bumpers for the duration. Besides setting an example by turning in unessential metal car parts, Miss Hayworth has been active in selling war bonds." 1942
From the series: Photographs of Notable Personalities, 1942 - 1945 from the Records of the Office of War Information
Louis Armstrong Registers for the Draft
Future jazz great Louis Armstrong of New Orleans was among nearly 24 million men aged 18–45 who registered for the draft during 1917–18, a requirement of the new Selective Service System. Notice that his first name is recorded incorrectly as Lewis. And while his date of birth was recorded as July 4, 1900, Armstrong was actually born on August 4, 1901.
World War I Draft Registration Card for Louis Armstrong, 09/12/1918; from the series: Draft Registration Cards 1917-1918
Images of the March on Washington
Fifty years ago on August 28, 1963, a high point in the long pursuit of African American civil rights took place when hundreds of thousands of civil rights supporters came to Washington, DC for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
The National Archives has extensive holdings from the March on Washington, including nearly 100 photos online from the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Justice. If you look closely, you can find images of Martin Luther King, Jr. and other prominent civil rights leaders, professional athletes and celebrities, marchers, and even a 12 year old girl celebrating her birthday.
But which is your favorite? Suggest a photo from our holdings and we’ll share it here this week!
What’s your favorite image from the March on Washington?
"In checking with the Special Service Branch I was told there were no openings for Colored Officers in that field, I request to be retired from the services and be placed on reserve as I feel I can’t be of more service to the government doing defense work rather than being on limited duty with an outfit that is already better than 100% over strength in officers."
Request from Jack “Jackie” R. Robinson to the Adjutant General for Retirement from Active Duty, 08/25/1944
Only weeks earlier, Lt. Jack R. Robinson had been court-martialed at Camp Hood, Texas, because he refused to move to the back of the bus after being told to do so by a bus driver and disobeying an order from a superior officer. Robinson was acquitted of all charges and ultimately received an honorable discharge.
Petition of William F. Cody for Return of Certain Property, 08/18/1913
This petition by William “Buffalo Bill” Cody seeks return of personal property held by the court receiver, including Cody’s saddle and buckskin suit. The property had been held for public sale in the bankruptcy case of his “Wild West Show.”
Telegram to Ringling Brothers Shows announcing the sale of property from “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show.”, 08/11/1913; and
Telegram from Ringling Brothers to Dewey Bailey, court receiver charged with public sale of assets from “Buffalo Bill’s” Wild West Show., 08/11/1913
From the Bankruptcy Proceedings file of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show from the Bankruptcy Case Files of the District Court of the United States
After 30 years of touring, William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s famous “Wild West Show” was forced to declare bankruptcy in 1913. These telegrams announcing the bankruptcy sale (and subsequent response) are from the associated bankruptcy case file.
Wait—is that Roger Sterling of Mad Men?
Nope. It’s just his his “Archives Twin.”
Heidi Holmstrom, one of our motion picture preservation specialists, was working on a 1966 film The Atom and Eve when she came across this lookalike.
The film was produced for the Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company to promote nuclear energy.
Relatively speaking, how many hours did you work Mr. Einstein?
During World War II, Albert Einstein worked as a part-time Federal employee developing underwater weapons for the U.S. Navy. This is his time card for July 1943 through June 1944.
Time Card for Albert Einstein, 07/01/1943 - 06/30/1944
Henry Louis “Lou” Gehrig made his major league debut with the New York Yankees 90 years ago on June 15, 1923.
Letter of Consent for Lou Gehrig. U.S. District Court. Hillerich & Bradsby Company versus The Hanna Manufacturing Company, Inc., 06/28/1929 - 04/24/1934
This item is a letter of consent signed by Gehrig and filed as part of an equity suit claiming trademark infringement and the violation of the plaintiff’s exclusive right to use certain baseball players’ names on their baseball bats.