Happy 115th Birthday, Ernest Hemingway!
Author Ernest Hemingway enjoys a drink with other war correspondents on the island of Mont St. Michel, off northern France, in the summer of 1944. Born on July 21, 1899, the author would have likely celebrated his 45th birthday a few weeks before this scene.
Excerpted from: D-Day to Germany, 1944
Taken by newsreel cameraman Jack Lieb, this color home movie was donated by the Lieb family to the National Archives in 1984. You’ll see D-Day from a perspective different than the official military film or commercial newsreel. With his personal footage, Lieb takes the viewer through the preparations in England, where he spent time with war correspondents Ernie Pyle, Jack Thompson, and Larry LaSueur, to the liberation of Paris and finally into Germany. Along the way, Lieb captured his experience on 16mm Kodachrome, filming everyday people in France and the occasional celebrity, such as Edward G. Robinson or Ernest Hemingway. (Hemingway shows up around 26:45.)
This is the judgement against Dr. Benjamin Spock, prominent pediatrician and anti-war activist, from the “Boston Five” anti-draft resistance group. (The case was later appealed and conviction set aside)
This document was digitized by teachers in our Primarily Teaching 2013 Summer Workshop at our Boston location. We’ve featured several finds from Primarily Teaching in the past - and see what they’re up to this summer - the Chicago Primarily Teaching Workshop just wrapped up!
An Evening of Memories
After dinner the Fords, Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip, and their guests moved inside to the East Room for the entertainment portion of the evening. British-born comedian Bob Hope, who had been specially requested by Her Majesty, led a program that also included the musical duo Captain and Tennille.
Hope had previously entertained the British Royal Family at four command performances. On this occasion he sang his trademark song “Thanks For the Memory” with special lyrics recognizing the British guests of honor.
Although the “Captain” Daryl Dragon had been feeling under the weather earlier in the day the show still went on for him and Toni Tennille. Their set included their hits "Love Will Keep Us Together" and “Muskrat Love,” which some commentators felt was not an appropriate song choice to play for Her Majesty.
Helen Keller was born on this day, June 27, 1880.
Helen Keller wrote letters to eight U.S. Presidents, from Theodore Roosevelt through Lyndon B. Johnson, on behalf of her work for the disabilities community. You can find more Presidential records featuring Helen Keller here.
Photo: Eleanor Roosevelt and Helen Keller (both far left) and others in Martha’s Vineyard. 8/25/54.
Professional wrestling legend Hulk Hogan signs autographs for US Air Force (USAF) personnel of the the 509th Bomb Wing (BW), Whiteman Air Force Base (AFB), Missouri (MO), at the 9th Annual Red, White, and Boom Concert in Kansas City hosted by radio station Mix 93.3. The audience and entertainers paid tribute to the USAF personnel of the the armed forces during Military Appreciation Day, 06/26/2004
Item from Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. (1994 -)
The National Archives’ new exhibition “Making Their Mark: Stories Through Signatures” is now open to the public. View our vast collection of signatures that influenced the American narrative.
A Newsreel Cameraman’s View of D-Day
Jack Lieb went to Europe in 1943 with two movie cameras: He brought his 35mm black and white camera to film war coverage for Hearst’s News of the Day newsreels and his 16mm home movie camera to shoot color film to show to his family back home. After the war, Lieb edited the color footage into a film that he would narrate in lectures around the country, in venues as varied as the National Geographic Society in Washington, D.C. and his daughter’s fourth grade class in Chicago.
In the film below, donated by the Lieb family to the National Archives in 1984, you’ll see D-Day from a perspective different than the official military film or commercial newsreel. With his personal footage, Lieb takes the viewer through the preparations in England, where he spent time with war correspondents Ernie Pyle, Jack Thompson, and Larry LaSueur, to the liberation of Paris and finally into Germany. Along the way, Lieb captured his experience on 16mm Kodachrome, filming everyday people in France and the occasional celebrity, such as Edward G. Robinson or Ernest Hemingway.
Jack Lieb’s film story does not begin and end with his D-Day footage, though. By the time he arrived on Utah Beach with a seaborne element of the 82nd Airborne Division, he had already spent nearly two decades shooting newsreel footage.
Did you know President Kennedy and Bob Hope share a birthday? Here are the duo together at the White House to honor Hope with the Congressional Gold Medal in honor of services to the country and the cause of world peace.
Happy Birthday President Kennedy and Bob Hope!
Maya Angelou, Celebrated Author & Poet
(April 4, 1928 - May 28, 2014)
From the series: Photographs Relating to the Secretary’s Trips, Speeches, and Other Functions, and Agency Officials, Events, and Managed Sites, 2002 - 2009. Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior, 1826 - 2009
Reviews of a Revue
The Fords invited actress-singer-dancer Ann-Margret to entertain guests after the dinner honoring the Shahanshah and Empress of Iran. Known for her work in musicals and movies including Bye Bye Birdie and Tommy, she had also traveled to Southeast Asia on a USO tour to entertain troops stationed there.
Ann-Margret’s debut White House performance was based on her night club act. Her musical numbers included “I Won’t Last a Day Without You,” “Swedish Lullaby,” and a “Salute to the Bicentennial.”
Press reaction to the entertainment was mixed to negative. The Fords took it in stride. “We certainly didn’t please all of the people all of the time. We thought it was great, for instance, to ask Ann-Margret,” Betty Ford wrote in her memoirs. “Well, Betty Beale came out with a column in the Washington Star that ripped us up and down for having made that choice.” Other commentators called the Vegas-style revue tasteless and deemed it too low-brow for the White House and its royal guests.
Calling All West Wing Fans
US Navy (USN) Lieutenant (LT) Eileen D’Andrea, (left), and Actor, Martin Sheen, discuss the set-up of a scene for the television show, “The West Wing,” being filmed inside the garden of the historic St. Anne’s Church, located in Annapolis, Maryland (MD), 05/10/2004
"Famous ‘Yank’ Steps Down: DETROIT, MICH.
—-Lou Gehrig, colorful Yankee first baseman, pioneer of over 2000 straight games in his 15 years ‘at bat’, takes himself out of the line-up before the game with the ‘Tigers’. He hopes to make a come-back!”
Seventy-five years ago on May 2, 1939, New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig voluntarily benched himself prior to a game against the Detroit Tigers, following a dramatic decline in his performance, and ending his streak of 2,130 consecutive games. Gehrig would not take the field again, and would eventually be diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. He succumbed to the disease only two years later, on June 2, 1941.
Happy 115th Birthday, Duke Ellington!
Jazz pioneer Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington, 4/29/1899 - 5/24/1974.
"Marian Anderson, world’s greatest contralto, entertains a group of overseas veterans and WACs on [the] stage of the San Antonio Municipal Auditorium…", 04/11/1945
From the series: Photographs of Notable Personalities, 1942 - 1945. Records of the Office of War Information
Earlier this week was the 75th Anniversary of Marian Anderson’s famous outdoor concert at the Lincoln Memorial, on April 9, 1939. (Hear her renowned contralto voice in the audio post!)
Mickey Rooney, Legendary Actor and Entertainer
(September 23, 1920 - April 6, 2014)
"Private First Class Mickey Rooney imitates some Hollywood actors for an audience of Infantrymen of the 44th Division. Rooney is a member of a three-man unit making a jeep tour to entertain the troops. Kist, Germany, April 13, 1945."
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954