Equal Rights Amendment
President Jimmy Carter signs the legislation proposing the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) before it was sent to the states for ratification in 1978. The Equal Rights Amendment was supported by those who believed that women did not have equal status to men in the United States and who hoped to force change. The ERA failed to gain ratification by the required number of states and therefore was not made into law.
Jimmy Carter signs House of Representative Resolution for Equal Rights Amendment., 10/20/1978
…it is essential that there be maintained in the armed services of the United States the highest standards of democracy, with equality of treatment and opportunity for all those who serve in our country’s defense..
On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed this executive order establishing the President’s Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, committing the government to integrating the segregated military.
July 2 - The Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964, prohibited discrimination in public places, provided for the integration of schools and other public facilities, and made employment discrimination illegal. This document was the most sweeping civil rights legislation since Reconstruction.
June 25 - Executive Order 8802: Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry
In June of 1941, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, banning discriminatory employment practices by Federal agencies and all unions and companies engaged in war-related work. The order also established the Fair Employment Practices Commission to enforce the new policy.