Today kicks off our commemoration of the 225th anniversary of the First Congress. Over the next two years (and in addition to our regular content), we’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution.
The U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate met for the first time in New York City on March 4, 1789 in Federal Hall. As representatives and senators arrived at the start of the First Congress under the Constitution, members presented their credentials, also known as certificates of election, to their respective chamber to show they were the person duly elected to represent their home state. Above are the credentials of Senator William Few of Georgia, one of eight senators to arrive at the start of the First Congress.
Credentials of Senator William Few from Georgia, 2/5/1789, Records of the U.S. Senate (NAID 7727164)
"Flashlight photo 6 P.M. going home from King Mfg. Co. Two of the smallest boys been in mill 2 years. One of the larger for 4 years. Augusta, Ga., 01/13/1909"
The Battle of Chickamauga - September 19 - 20, 1863
Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of the Tennessee defeated forces from the Union’s Army of the Cumberland under Major General William Rosecrans in the Battle of Chickamauga in Georgia on September 19-20, 1863. However, Rosecrans’ forces were able to slip away to Chattanooga, and later relieved by forces under Ulysses S. Grant.
Map of the Battlefield of Chickamauga, A. Hager Draft., 04/22/1864. From the series: Civil Works Map File, 1800 - 1947
Photos of the Chickamauga Battlefield from the Mathew Brady Photographs series
Another Submission for #NationalParksWeek!
— Michael (@georgiadog)
Harmony Community, Putnam County, Georgia…. This old woman was a slave and belonged to the family on whose place she now lives. She was a small girl when Sherman’s Army came through. 05/28/1941 - 06/01/1941
Irving Rusinow, photographer. From the Photographic records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
It’s National Cheese Lover’s Day!
INTERIOR OF THE CHEESE HOOP, ONE OF THE SPECIALTY SHOPS IN HELEN. IT IS LOCATED ON ALTE STRASSE (OLD STREET), A COBBLESTONED CUL-DE-SAC IN THE MIDDLE OF HELEN’S MAIN STREET SHOPPING CENTER… 09/1975
Al Stephenson, photographer. From the EPA Series: DOCUMERICA: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Program to Photographically Document Subjects of Environmental Concern, 1972 - 1977
What’s your favorite cheese?
December 22, 1864 - The culmination of Sherman’s “March to the Sea” was the capture of Savannah. With savage irony, Sherman invoked the spirit of Christmas as he informed his Commander-in-Chief that Savannah was taken, complete with 150 heavy guns, plenty of ammunition, and 25,000 bales of cotton. President Lincoln was thrilled to hear this news, which he immediately publicized throughout the nation.
December 15, 1939 - Gone With the Wind Premiers in Atlanta
Photograph of First Archivist of the United States R. D. W. Connor Receiving Film “Gone With The Wind” from Senator George of Georgia and Loew’s Eastern Division Manager Carter Barron, 1941
It gives me pleasure to announce to Congress that the benevolent policy of the Government, steadily pursued for nearly thirty years, in relation to the removal of the Indians beyond the white settlements is approaching to a happy consummation. Two important tribes have accepted the provision made for their removal at the last session of Congress, and it is believed that their example will induce the remaining tribes also to seek the same obvious advantages.
President Andrew Jackson’s Message to Congress ”On Indian Removal”, 12/06/1830
On December 6, 1830, in a message to Congress, President Andrew Jackson called for the relocation of eastern Native American tribes to land west of the Mississippi River, in order to open new land for settlement by citizens of the United States.
Read more at Our Documents
May 23 - Civil War Map of Campbell County, Georgia.
Dated May 23, 1864, this is a map of the 1st District, Campbell County, Georgia, South of the Cherokee Boundary Line. It was compiled under the direction of William Emery Merrill, a prominent topographical engineer who served with the Union Army during the Civil War.