"Flashlight photo 6 P.M. going home from King Mfg. Co. Two of the smallest boys been in mill 2 years. One of the larger for 4 years. Augusta, Ga., 01/13/1909"
"Reckon I been in mill 2 years. Don’t remember."
Springstein Mill. John Lewis (boy with hat), 12 years old, 1 year in mill. Weaver — 4 looms. 40 [cents] a day to start, 60 [cents] a day now. Brother and mother in mill. Morris Small (boy with cap), “Reckon I been in mill 2 years. Don’t remember.” Chester, S.C., 11/28/1908
Coming out at noon, Merrimac Mills. All workers, even the boys at the side of the gate. Huntsville, Ala., 11/18/1910
From the series National Child Labor Committee Photographs taken by Lewis Hine.
Cherryville Graded School. These are the children in the town who attend school. 2,000 population. One-third of these raised their hands when asked, “How many have worked in a cotton mill?” Cherryville, N.C., 11/10/1908
"Rock-driller at Norris Dam site.", 10/27/1933
From the series: Lewis Hine Photographs for the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), 1933
In October of 1933 Lewis Hine was assigned to do a photographic survey of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) projects in East Tennessee. Among Hine’s subjects were the construction of the Norris Dam and the mountaineer families forced to vacate their homes and lands because of it.
"Part of the family of Hugh Noe, a renter on a farm near Andersonville, Tennessee." 10/24/1933
In October of 1933 Lewis Hine was assigned to do a photographic survey of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) projects in East Tennessee. Among Hine’s subjects were mountaineer families forced to vacate their homes and lands because of the construction of Norris Dam.
"Edgar Coffman, a renter farmer in Anderson County, Tennessee, near Clinton. He is also a preacher for the Holiness sect.", 10/23/1933
Some interesting background on this series from the “Scope & Content” note in our online catalog:
In 1933, after submitting an outline for an introductory photographic survey of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) projects, Lewis W. Hine was hired to do a one month (10/20/33-11/26/33) assignment in East Tennessee. Although he was quite pleased with the initial results of this assignment, Hine was unable to continue along the same lines because the TVA preferred that he instead photograph charts, plans, and installations. This series consists of the original photographic negatives and corresponding modern prints of mountaineer families forced to vacate their homes and lands because of the construction of Norris Dam, rock drilling at the dam site, Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) workers, industries in Kingsport, and examples of local folk crafts and culture.
"Marie Costa, basket seller, in a Cincinnati market. 10 A.M.* Saturday. Cincinnati, OH., 08/22/1908"
Taken by investigative photographer Lewis Hine on August 22, 1908, the photograph is one of a series of black-and-white prints given to the Children’s Bureau by the National Child Labor Committee. The almost five hundred photographs represent a fraction of the approximately 5,000 photographs Hine took for the committee to document working and living conditions for children.
(Ed. note - as the photo is clearly taken at night, we suspect the full caption for this photo originally stated that she had been out selling since 10 A.M.)
“The dependent widower. Wanted, a backbone! This ablebodied Scotch-Irish farmer after 50 years of farm life some miles from any railroad, came to Meridian, Miss. two years ago to obtain better school advantages for his children, (so he told me), and this is the way the children utilize those advantages, one child of 11 and one of 15 work in the knitting mill. Two smaller ones go to school very irregularly. I found the fathers occuptaion during the several days I was there, and from a neighbor’s testimony, to mainly consist of loafing around the corner grocery, toting dinner to the children, lolling around the house, and occasionally visiting the old farm. Regarding the effects of closing the Meridian Mill, he said; “Most of the men got work at other factories around here, while some moved away, but the greatest hardship was on the children. Now they have to go to school.” His sanctimonious disquisition on his love for the family was nauseating. In the back ground, (where the mill children are too often kept) is one of his youngsters, deprives of his right to toil. Meridian, Miss.” 4/26/1911
Lewis Hine’s sharp eye for hypocrisy spares no expense in this particularly biting assessment.
Mrs. Battaglia, Tessie (age - 12 years), Tony (age - 7 years), 170 Mulberry St. Rear house, 5th floor. Garment workers. Husband crippled by a fall, tends to basement. Mrs. Battaglia works in shop except Saturdays, when the children sew with her at home. Get 2 or 3 cents a pair finishing men’s pants. Said they earn $1 to $1.50 on Saturday. Father disabled and can earn very little. New York. 01/25/1908
“On the tenth day of Archives an archivist brought to me:
Ten messengers playing poker
nine Metlakahlta baseball players
Eight Navy officers
seven of Mrs. Hicks’s eight children,
six tiny thorn carvings,
five sisters from Alaska,
four boys hanging out at the Fletcher aircraft school,
three happy girls at a West Virginian celebration,
two San Francisco children painting,
and one astronaut in space.”
“8 p.m.: Flashlight photo of messengers absorbed in their usual game of poker in the ‘Den of the terrible nine.’ (Waiting room for Western Union Messengers, Hartford, Connecticut.)” March 5, 1909, ARC Identifier 523167.
Spinners and doffers in Lancaster Cotton Mills. Dozens of them in this mill. Lancaster, S.C., 12/01/1908
Lewis Wickes Hine, photographer. From the series: National Child Labor Committee Photographs taken by Lewis Hine