This map accompanied President James K. Polk’s annual message to Congress in December 1848. It represented Polk’s conception as a Southern Democrat of how to divide up the new territory acquired through the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. It became the starting point of debates in Congress over slavery and westward expansion.
Map of the United States Including Western Territories (2127339), 12/1848, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives
Learn more about this map in Cartography, Politics—and Mischief: Ephraim Gilman’s 1848 Map of the United States, Now Expanded Coast to Coast from the National Archives’ Prologue Magazine.
The Battle of Chickamauga - September 19 - 20, 1863
Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of the Tennessee defeated forces from the Union’s Army of the Cumberland under Major General William Rosecrans in the Battle of Chickamauga in Georgia on September 19-20, 1863. However, Rosecrans’ forces were able to slip away to Chattanooga, and later relieved by forces under Ulysses S. Grant.
Map of the Battlefield of Chickamauga, A. Hager Draft., 04/22/1864. From the series: Civil Works Map File, 1800 - 1947
Photos of the Chickamauga Battlefield from the Mathew Brady Photographs series
Battle of Gettysburg - July 2013 - 150th Anniversary
This manuscript map shows positions held during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. Because of its small size, the map would have fit easily into a pocket for quick reference (Map A-7-19 RG 200 Paine Collection Maps). It was previously laminated to cream colored folder stock with cellulose acetate. All media underwent solubility tests, after which the map was delaminated and tears mended. It was lined with Japanese paper and wheat starch paper, and encapsulated in polyester film.
The map comes from the Paine Collection of Civil War Maps. The maps, ca. 300 in all, were given to the National Archives by Colonel W. H. Paine’s daughter at an unknown date. Col. Paine served under all the Generals of the Army of the Potomac, but mostly under General Meade. He was an engineer in the Army, and his maps were noted for their accuracy. Many were constructed from observations taken in captive balloons or while under enemy fire. Most if not all of the maps in the collection are by Col. Paine.
Lee’s Map of the battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863
(Accompanying General Lee’s report of the battle.);
War Department Collection of Confederate Records; Record Group 109
The battle lines are drawn as day 2 dawns during the Battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.
The siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi by Union forces under Major General Ulysses S. Grant began 150 years ago on May 18, 1863. Confederates forces would surrender the fortress city after 40 days, effectively yielding control of the Mississippi River to the Union.
Map of the Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., By the U. S. Forces Under the Command of Maj. Genl. U. S. Grant, U. S. Vls., Maj. F. E. Prime, Chief Engr. Surveyed and constructed under direction of Capt. C. B. Comstock, U.S. Engrs., and Lt. Col. J. H. Wilson, A. I. Genl. 1st Lt., Engrs….Drawn by Chs. Spangenberg, Asst. Engr., 08/20/1863
Another Submission for #NationalParksWeek!
— Michael (@georgiadog)
Map of Colorado Territory Embracing the Central Gold Region, 1862
Colorado was first organized as a Territory on February 28, 1861, in the midst of the Colorado Gold Rush. It would become a state on August 1, 1876, following the same boundaries.
Croquis of the Battlefield of Prairie Grove, Arkansas. December 7th, 1862. Drawn by T. W. Williams, 15 Ills. Infy., 12/07/1862
Fought on December 7, 1862, the Battle of Prairie Grove resulted in a strategic Union victory, enabling them to secure northwest Arkansas from the Confederacy.
October 17, 1962 — Day Two: Maps of the Cuban Missile Crisis
President Kennedy scribbled handwritten notes on the first map during early meetings on the Cuban Missile Crisis, marking each missile site with a black X. The second, more detailed map was used by senior military officials and political advisers to catalog the many pieces of Soviet military equipment already on Cuba, including helicopters, transports, and missiles of varying size and range capabilities.
The National Archives’ latest exhibit: “To the Brink: JFK and the Cuban Missile Crisis” covers the 13 days when the world teetered on the brink of thermonuclear war.
Flying deep into Germany
Dated August 17, 1943, this chart outlines the routes to and from the targets of the first American deep-penetration bombing raid of World War II: the ball-bearing factories of Schweinfurt and the Messerschmitt aircraft factory in Regensburg. Also noted are encounters with anti-aircraft fire or “flak” and engagements with various types of German aircraft. 60 of 376 aircraft were lost on this mission.
On May 4th, 1970 Ohio National Guard troops opened fire on unarmed students at Kent State University who were protesting the American invasion of Cambodia. In a period of 13 seconds, the National Guard troops wounded nine and killed four. This map, prepared for the Commission on Campus Unrest, shows “the Commons” area on the Kent State Campus, the movement of the National Guardsmen, and the locations where students were shot.