April 8 is Holocaust Remembrance Day:
Liberated prisoners in the Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz, Austria, give rousing welcome to Cavalrymen of the 11th Armored Division. The banner across the wall was made by Spanish Loyalist prisoners., 05/06/1945
The theme of this year’s remembrance day is Never Again: Heeding the Warning Signs.
The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials began on November 20, 1945. Read on to learn how our colleagues in Preservation have kept these vital documents available:
Preserving a Nuremberg Trial Document
This large chart from “United States Exhibits” (ARC ID: 6102180) was presented by the US prosecuting staff in the trial of major German war criminals under Count I (The Common Plan and Conspiracy) before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) at Nuremberg, Germany.
The chart on heavy paper had previously been folded to fit in a document box. It was passively humidified and flattened under blotters and weights. The original adhesive on many of the labels was desiccated and most labels were detached. After the RG 238 chart was flattened, conservators reattached the labels in place with wheat starch paste. Now it will be stored flat.
Art Treasures Returned, 07/23/1945
A photo from a collection about looted World War II and Holocaust-era assets, the caption reads:
One of the trucks that transported the art treasures to Florence, Italy. The paintings had been stolen by the German Army and recovered by the U.S. Army and returned to the city of Florence.
Digging for Buried Nazi Treasure.
“SS Major Kurt Baron Haller Von Hallerstein admitted that he had buried nearly a million dollars worth of securities and jewelry near Garmisch, Germany. Hallerstein (center) watches with Tec 4 Frederick Wolinsky, New York, NY, as his brother Helmuth Baron Haller Von Hallerstein, digs.” May 25, 1945