Happy 150th Charter Day, Gallaudet University!
On April 8, 1864, President Lincoln signed a bill into law, to allowing Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and Blind to confer college degrees.
In 1954, the name of the the school was changed Gallaudet College in honor of its first superintendent, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet. Gallaudet was granted university status in October 1986 through an act of Congress.
The first three students received their diplomas in June of 1869. President Ulysses S. Grant signed them, beginning a tradition that continues to this day. The diplomas of Gallaudet graduates are signed by the President who is currently in office.
Charter for the Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and Blind [now called Gallaudet University], Record Group 11, National Archives
See the journal page that records the election of George Washington of Virginia, now on display from April 1 to 16, 2014, in the National Archives Building.
This year marks the 225th anniversary of the First Congress. On March 4, 1789, the Congress of the United States met for the first time. It was arguably the most important Congress in U.S. history.
To this new legislature fell the responsibility of passing laws needed to implement a brand new system of government, defining the rules and procedures of the House and Senate, and establishing the precedents that set constitutional government in motion.
One of the first duties of the new legislative body was to meet jointly and count the electoral ballots for President and Vice President of the United States. This page of the first Senate Journal shows the results of that election: George Washington of Virginia was unanimously elected President, and John Adams of Massachusetts, who finished second in the balloting, was elected Vice President.
Image: Senate Journal of the First Congress, First Session, showing entry for April 6, 1789. National Archives, Records of the U.S. Senate
Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968.
As detailed in his official daily diary, President Lyndon Johnson received word of the shooting shortly after 7 p.m. that evening. After learning of King’s death, Johnson called Coretta Scott King and later addressed the American people on television.
President’s Daily Diary Entry, April 4, 1968, 04/04/1968 - 04/04/1968
A Future President Visits the White House, 1949
During his first year as a Congressman Gerald R. Ford was assigned to the House Committee on Public Works. He and the other committee members met with President Truman and toured the White House on April 2, 1949. Afterwards Ford wrote these reflections on the building that would become his residence 25 years later.
Ford’s notes on the White House visit from the Ford Congressional Papers, Committee on Public Works, October 1948-April 1949.
President Truman’s appointment calendar courtesy of the Harry S. Truman Library & Museum.
In an unprecedented, and as-yet never repeated action, the Senate voted to censure President Andrew Jackson on March 28, 1834 for failing to turn over documents related to his defunding of the Bank of the United States.
The censure was later expunged from the official record in January 1837, following an active campaign by Jackson’s Democratic allies in the Senate.
Page from the Senate Legislative Journal Showing the Expungement of a Resolution to Censure the President, 03/28/1834
Captain Harry Truman
Officers, 129th Field Artillery, at regimental headquarters at Chateau de Chanay near Courcemont, France, March 1919. Captain Harry Truman, second row, third from right.
From the series: Signal Corps Photographs of American Military Activity, 1754 - 1954
Time Flies When You’re Having Fun
It’s hard to believe, but we’ve made it through all of the state dinners hosted by President and Mrs. Ford. We hoped you’ve enjoyed going behind the scenes at these White House events.
Although we’re saying goodbye to our state dinner focus, don’t worry! We’ll be back soon with even more great items from our collections.
President and Mrs. Ford wave goodbye to Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti as he departs the White House following a state dinner held in his honor on December 6, 1976.
We loved the State Dinner series and we’ll be reblogging those over the next few months. Looking forward to seeing what else our colleagues at fordlibrarymuseum have planned!
FDR’s First Fireside Chat
Today in history, March 12, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his first Fireside Chat. Using the radio to speak directly to the nation, FDR laid out his plan to address the banking crisis of the Great Depression.
-from the FDR Library
March 4, 1933: First Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
On this day in 1933, the first inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt was held in Washington, D.C. The longest-serving president in U.S. history, and leader through the Great Depression and World War II — two of the nation’s worst crises — Franklin Delano Roosevelt is considered by many to be our greatest president.
Photo: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Joseph Robinson in Washington, Washington, D.C., March 4, 1933 (National Archives).
(Nice use of the Content Source link, pbsthisdayinhistory!)
Happy President’s Day!
Half a dozen Commander-in-Chiefs, via Media Matters » Images of the Week (02/14/2014)
Can you name all 6 in just once glance?
Abraham Lincoln, congressman, patent holder, and sixteenth President of the United States was born 205 years ago on February 12, 1809.
All images from the series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes.
It’s #SuperBowl Sunday! Our staff at the National Archives at Seattle and the National Archives at Denver are getting ready to cheer on their teams.
In the meantime, here are ten facts about the Presidents and football to keep you busy before you dive into the chips and dip. (Did you know that Theodore Roosevelt helped to legalize the forward pass? Or that Dwight Eisenhower was injured tackling Jim Thorpe?)
Herbert Hoover, Secretary of War Patrick Hurley, and members of both teams signed this football auctioned off at the 1930 Army-Navy game in Yankee Stadium to raise money for the unemployed.