June 15 - The Espionage Act of 1917
Eugene V. Debs indicted for violating the Espionage Act of 1917.
Debs, a leading member of the Socialist Party, gave an anti-war speech on June 16, 1918 in Canton, Ohio. On June 29, 1918, Debs was indicted for giving this speech.
Enter the “Potatriot” contest from usnatarchivesexhibits:
The National Archives Experience is sponsoring an activity from July 11th to July 31st in conjunction with our new exhibition “What’s Cooking, Uncle Sam?”
Inspired by a World War I store window display of potatoes dressed as soldiers, we invite you to create your own “potatriot” dioramas! You can draw inspiration from any historical event of your choosing—feel free to be as creative as possible!
Send a photo of your potato diorama to firstname.lastname@example.org, and we will post it in an album on our Facebook page. All submissions will be entered into a drawing. At the end of the month we will randomly select a winner who will receive a prize!
A report on “food hoarding” from July 29, 1918:
An unthinkable crime
Have you ever been accused of food hoarding? In 1918, you might have been suspected of that crime alongside Frank Foran, J. W. Riess, and Carl Rink. The American Protective League was a patriotic organization that spied on individuals and businesses and reported allegations of food-hoarding and other un-American activities. The League was especially interested in German-Americans and suspected German sympathizers.
These letters from the League are about suspected food hoarders, but there are many more letters from the League in our holdings—including reports of brawls over sugar and restaurants leaving their sugar bowls on the table.
Trial of African American Infantrymen for the Houston Riot of 1917
This photograph shows one of the three trials that were held for 156 African American soldiers of the Third Battalion of the all-black 24th United States Infantry. They were on trial for mutiny and murder of 17 people in Houston, Texas on August 23, 1917.
Learn more about the Houston Riot of 1917.
Girls deliver ice. Heavy work that formerly belonged to men only is being done by girls. The ice girls are delivering ice on a route and their work requires brawn as well as the partriotic ambition to help. 09/16/1918
From the Records of the War Department; American Unofficial Collection of World War I Photographs, 1917 - 1918
"Boat Exercises - Naval Training Station, Hampton Roads, Va. September 19, 1918," G.L. Hall Optical Co., Photographer
Begun as a small training and receiving station in the early 1900s, the Naval Training Station in World War I would become one of the premier training centers for naval personnel. By Armistice Day in 1918, more than 34,000 men had been assigned there. The complete panoramic photograph measures 7” x 57” and was taken by G. L. Hall Optical Company of Norfolk.
September 19, 1917 - Clearly not “downhearted.”
The original caption:
"Are We Downhearted?" You don’t have to hear their answer to know these men on their way to Camp Upton are not. These men from New York are radiating their joy at getting into the nation’s service. Underwood and Underwood., 09/19/1917
September 20, 1918 - Shattered church serves as temporary shelter for wounded
This shattered church in the ruins of Neuvilly furnished a temporary shelter for American wounded being treated by 110th Sanitary Train, 4th Ambulance Corps. France, September 20, 1918.