Thirty-six prominent American writers including Eugene O’Neill, Dorothy Parker, and John Steinbeck, sent this telegram to President Franklin Roosevelt in November 1938, less than a week after Kristallnacht, the “Night of Broken Glass,” during which synagogues, homes, and Jewish-owned businesses across Germany were plundered and destroyed by the Nazis. They expressed outrage and asked the president to sever trade relations and declare an embargo on all “Nazi German goods.” Their telegram was just one of hundreds of telegrams and letters sent to U.S. government officials at the time expressing similar feelings of anger and dismay.
Telegram from 36 American Writers to President Roosevelt, 11/16/1938
Need to buckle down on that novel? The National Archives is full of ideas for National Novel Writing Month. Clear that writer’s block with Inspired by the Archives! Top Ten Tips for Writers.
July 21 - Ernest Hemingway 1923 Passport Photograph
Born Ernest Miller Hemingway in Oak Park, Illinois, on July 21, 1899, Ernest Hemingway is regarded as one of the 20th century’s most influential writers. Hemingway used this 1923 passport for his return to Europe, where he initially worked as a correspondent for the Toronto Star.
This photo is from the Hemingway collection at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, which contains 90 percent of existing Hemingway manuscripts as well as family scrapbooks, 10,000 photographs, and several thousand letters, making it the world’s principal center for research on Hemingway’s life and work.